J/other/Nat/576.61    WDJ0914+1914 X-Shooter spectrum          (Gansicke+, 2019)
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Beginning of ReadMe : J/other/Nat/576.61 WDJ0914+1914 X-Shooter spectrum (Gansicke+, 2019) ================================================================================ Accretion of a giant planet onto a white dwarf star. Gansicke B.T., Schreiber M.R., Toloza O., Gentile Fusillo N.P., Koester D., Manser C.J. <Nature, 576, 61-64 (2019)> =2019Natur.576...61G (SIMBAD/NED BibCode) ================================================================================ ADC_Keywords: Stars, double and multiple ; Exoplanets ; Stars, white dwarf ; Spectra, optical Abstract: The detection of a dust disk around the white dwarf star G29-38 and transits from debris orbiting the white dwarf WD 1145+017 confirmed that the photospheric trace metals found in many white dwarfs arise from the accretion of tidally disrupted planetesimals. The composition of these planetesimals is similar to that of rocky bodies in the inner Solar System. Gravitational scattering of planetesimals towards the white dwarf requires the presence of more massive bodies, yet no planet has so far been detected at a white dwarf. Here we report optical spectroscopy of a hot (about 27750 kelvin) white dwarf, WD J091405.30+191412.25, that is accreting from a circumstellar gaseous disk composed of hydrogen, oxygen and sulfur at a rate of about 3.3x10^9^ grams per second. The composition of this disk is unlike all other known planetary debris around white dwarfs, but resembles predictions for the makeup of deeper atmospheric layers of icy giant planets, with H_2_O and H_2_S being major constituents. A giant planet orbiting a hot white dwarf with a semi-major axis of around 15 solar radii will undergo substantial evaporation with expected mass loss rates comparable to the accretion rate that we observe onto the white dwarf. The orbit of the planet is most probably the result of gravitational interactions, indicating the presence of additional planets in the system. We infer an occurrence rate of approximately 1 in 10000 for spectroscopically detectable giant planets in close orbits around white dwarfs. Description: WD J0914+1914 was observed on 2019 January 12 and 13 using X-Shooter32 mounted on UT2 of the Very Large Telescope. X-Shooter is a three-armed spectrograph covering the extreme blue (UVB, 330-560nm), visual (VIS, 560nm-1um) and near-infrared (NIR, 1-2.4um) simultaneously. Objects: ------------------------------------------------------------------ RA (2000) DE Designation(s) ------------------------------------------------------------------ 09 14 05.30 +19 14 12.2 WDJ0914+1914 = SDSS J091405.30+191412.2 ------------------------------------------------------------------

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