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J/A+A/602/A53       R Aqr SPHERE/ZIMPOL narrow-Hα image    (Schmid+, 2017)

SPHERE/ZIMPOL observations of the symbiotic system R Aquarii. I. Imaging of the stellar binary and the innermost jet clouds. Schmid H.M., Bazzon A., Milli J., Roelfsema R., Engler N., Mouillet D., Lagadec E., Sissa E., Sauvage J.-F., Ginski C., Baruffolo A., Beuzit J.L., Boccaletti A., Bohn A.J., Claudi R., Costille A., Desidera S., Dohlen K., Dominik C., Feldt M., Fusco T., Gisler D., Girard J.H., Gratton R., Henning T., Hubin N., Joos F., Kasper M., Langlois M., Pavlov A., Pragt J., Puget P., Quanz S.P., Salasnich B., Siebenmorgen R., Stute M., Suarez M., Szulagyi J., Thalmann C., Turatto M., Udry S., Vigan A., Wildi F. <Astron. Astrophys. 602, A53 (2017)> =2017A&A...602A..53S (SIMBAD/NED BibCode)
ADC_Keywords: Binaries, cataclysmic ; Photometry, H-alpha Keywords: stars: individual: R Aqr - binaries: symbiotic - stars: winds, outflows - circumstellar matter - instrumentation: adaptive optics Abstract: R Aqr is a symbiotic binary system consisting of a mira variable, a hot companion with a spectacular jet outflow, and an extended emission line nebula. Because of its proximity to the Sun, this object has been studied in much detail with many types of high resolution imaging and interferometric techniques. We have used R Aqr as test target for the visual camera subsystem ZIMPOL, which is part of the new extreme adaptive optics (AO) instrument SPHERE at the Very Large Telescope (VLT). We describe SPHERE/ZIMPOL test observations of the R Aqr system taken in Hα and other filters in order to demonstrate the exceptional performance of this high resolution instrument. We compare our observations with data from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and illustrate the complementarity of the two instruments. We use our data for a detailed characterization of the inner jet region of R Aqr. We analyze the high resolution ~=25mas images from SPHERE/ZIMPOL and determine from the Hα emission the position, size, geometric structure, and line fluxes of the jet source and the clouds in the innermost region <2"(<400AU) of R Aqr. The data are compared to simultaneous HST line filter observations. The Hα fluxes and the measured sizes of the clouds yield Hα emissivities for many clouds from which one can derive the mean density, mass, recombination time scale, and other cloud parameters. Our Hα data resolve for the first time the R Aqr binary and we measure for the jet source a relative position 45 mas West (position angle -89.5°) of the mira. The central jet source is the strongest Hα component with a flux of about 2.5x10-12erg/cm2/s. North east and south west from the central source there are many clouds with very diverse structures. Within 0.5" (100AU) we see in the SW a string of bright clouds arranged in a zig-zag pattern and, further out, at 1"-2", fainter and more extended bubbles. In the N and NE we see a bright, very elongated filamentary structure between 0.2"-0.7" and faint perpendicular "wisps" further out. Some jet clouds are also detected in the ZIMPOL [OI] and HeI filters, as well as in the HST-WFC3 line filters for Hα, [OIII], [NII], and [OI]. We determine jet cloud parameters and find a very well defined correlation Ne∝r-1.3 between cloud density and distance to the central binary. Densities are very high with typical values of Ne~=3x105cm-3 for the "outer" clouds around 300AU, Ne~=3x106cm-3 for the "inner" clouds around 50AU, and even higher for the central jet source. The high Ne of the clouds implies short recombination or variability timescales of a year or shorter. Hα high resolution data provide a lot of diagnostic information for the ionized jet gas in R Aqr. Future Hα observations will provide the orientation of the orbital plane of the binary and allow detailed hydrodynamical investigations of this jet outflow and its interaction with the wind of the red giant companion. Description: The presented SPHERE/ZIMPOL images taken in the Hα filters resolve the jet source and the mira variable in the R Aqr binary for the first time unambiguously and with high astrometric precision. It can be expected that successful re-observations of the stellar binary are easy to achieve near photometric minimum allowing for a fast progress in the determination of an accurate orbit in the future. Objects: ----------------------------------------- RA (2000) DE Designation(s) ----------------------------------------- 23 43 49.46 -15 17 04.1 R Aqr = HR 8992 ----------------------------------------- File Summary:
FileName Lrecl Records Explanations
ReadMe 80 . This file list.dat 140 1 Information of fits image RAqrSZNHaFW0Oct2014.fits 2880 1242 fits image
Byte-by-byte Description of file: list.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 2 I2 h RAh Right ascension (J2000) 4- 5 I2 min RAm Right ascension (J2000) 7- 12 F6.3 s RAs Right ascension (J2000) 14 A1 --- DE- Declination sign (J2000) 15- 16 I2 deg DEd Declination (J2000) 18- 19 I2 arcmin DEm Declination (J2000) 21- 26 F6.3 arcsec DEs Declination (J2000) 28- 33 F6.4 arcsec/pix Scale Scale of the image 35- 37 I3 --- Nx Number of pixels along X-axis 39- 41 I3 --- Ny Number of pixels along Y-axis 43- 46 I4 Kibyte size Size of FITS file 48- 75 A28 --- FileName Name of FITS file 77-140 A64 --- Title Title of the FITS file
Acknowledgements: Hans Martin Schmid, schmid(at)astro.phys.ethz.ch
(End) Patricia Vannier [CDS] 13-Jun-2017
The document above follows the rules of the Standard Description for Astronomical Catalogues.From this documentation it is possible to generate f77 program to load files into arrays or line by line

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