Contents of: VI/111/./abstract/CCESARSK_IDSPCO_6.abs

The following document lists the file abstract/CCESARSK_IDSPCO_6.abs from catalogue VI/111.
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We propose to perform deep integrations on a selection of `empty fields' at
high galactic latitudes, using the most sensitive ISOCAM filters.
The two target fields (a Southern field at RA=03:13 DEC=-55:25
and the Lockman Hole at RA=10:49 DEC=+57:37)
are characterized by the lowest possible cirrus
emission and avoid bright sources: they have been
selected on the basis of existing deep surveys in the optical, near-IR, radio
and X-ray bands. One of the major scientific aims of this program is to
investigate the evolution of the infrared properties of galaxies 
with redshift. The evolutionary properties of starburst galaxies emitting most
of their energy in the infrared is one important question raised after IRAS
survey, which ISO can resolve. Galaxies at high redshift might be detectable in
the ISOCAM bands because of the strong and positive K correction on the stellar
emission of these galaxies in the infrared.
We also expect to detect statistically
significant numbers of Active Galactic Nuclei (AGNs) at high redshifts (z >1),
so that their cosmological evolution can be tested. Primeval galaxies at
moderate redshifts may also be found. Complementary observations of the same
field with ISOPHOT will be performed to study the bulk of the dust
emission in these galaxies. The analysis of the deflection
distribution P(D) below the confusion limit will permit the extension of
source counts to significantly fainter fluxes and enable one to study the
structure of the diffuse background on scales intermediate between those of
COBE and of ground-based K band surveys. Spectral information, including
spatial correlations between images of a field in different wavebands, will
be of great importance in achieving these goals. In addition, this program
offers the possibility of finding brown dwarfs in the solar neighbourhood.
ISOCAM simulated performances appear perfectly suited to the deep
integrations we propose.
Two fields are mapped with ISOCAM LW channel with 6 arcsecond pixels. 
The Southern one (the `Marano field': MF) and the Northern 
one (the `Lockman hole': LH). For each field, we perform a shallow survey (SS)
moderate sensitivity and with a large area (about 1 square degree) and a deep 
survey (DS) at a larger sensitivity and with a smaller area (0.17 and 0.11
sq. deg. for MF and LH resp.).
The DS is done with 2 filters: LW2 and LW3, the SS is done with LW3, in 
micro-scanning concatenated AOT mode (CAM01). The same pixel of the sky is seen
by different parts of the camera during the survey in order to detect any 
systematic effects. If a sub-field is crowded this technique of concatenated 
micro-scanning AOT could allow the determination of an accurate 
flat-field when reducing the data. Otherwise, reduction of data with 
beam-switching technique should be enough.
Integration times are 10s for LW2 and 5s for 
LW3. Total observing times (including overheads) are (in hours)
30       20       20       20       20       13       14
Expected final noise figures are (for 4 sigma) DS_LW2: 0.034mJy, DS_LW3: 
0.13mJy, SS_LW3: 0.38mJy. Confusion by cirrus clouds and galaxies should be 
A long wavelength map of the 
Southern SS with ISOPHOT C100 at 90 microns in a raster mode
(PHT22) is also covered with the 3 by 3 array of 43.5 arcsecond 
pixels. A sensitivity of (4 sigma) 2.8mJy is reached in about 100 seconds.
It is slightly below the expected confusion due to galaxies and well above the 
confusion due to cirrus clouds (because the region is selected in a dark IRAS 
As this survey can be completed only by a large total integration time, we have
adopted a strategy of adding up several two-hour (maximum) long 
concatenated AOTs which cover a scan or two at constant declination.

© Université de Strasbourg/CNRS

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