J/A+AS/117/317 uvby-beta photometry of metal-poor stars. VIII. (Schuster+ 1996)
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Beginning of ReadMe : J/A+AS/117/317 uvby-beta photometry of metal-poor stars. VIII. (Schuster+ 1996) ================================================================================ uvby-beta photometry of high-velocity and metal-poor stars. VIII. Stars of very low metal abundance. Schuster W.J., Nissen P.E., Parrao L., Beers T.C., Overgaard L.P. <Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 117, 317 (1996)> =1996A&AS..117..317S (SIMBAD/NED BibCode) ================================================================================ ADC_Keywords: Stars, high-velocity ; Stars, metal-deficient ; Photometry, uvby, beta ; Abundances, [Fe/H] Keywords: stars: abundances - stars: distances - stars: fundamental parameters - dust, extinction - Galaxy: evolution - Galaxy: halo Abstract: A catalogue of uvby-beta photometry for 87 of the turn-off and subgiant stars from the HK survey of Beers et al. (1992AJ....103.1987B, BPSII) is given. Most of these stars have [Fe/H]<=2.5. These photometric data have been taken and reduced using the same techniques as in our previous two uvby-beta catalogues (Schuster et al., 1989, Cat. II/180 and Schuster et al., 1993, Cat. J/A+AS/97/951). An error analysis has been made; typical mean observational errors for a star with V=14.2m are 0.008, 0.007, 0.011, 0.010 and 0.012 in V, (b-y), m_1_, c_1_ and beta, respectively. Our photometric data are also compared to the UBV photometry and spectral indices from the HK survey; satisfactory agreement is found indicating good quality for the two data sets. The stars are classified in reddening-free diagrams of the uvby-beta system; several of the stars are found to have been mis-classified in the HK survey. Two metal-poor supergiants, three (possibly four) horizontal branch stars, one blue subluminous star and two stars with ambiguous photometry have been identified. Stellar parameters, such as E(b-y), M_V_, deltaM_V_, and T_eff_, plus error estimates for these parameters, are provided using our photometric calibrations. Although all stars have galactic latitudes |b|>=30deg many of them are significantly reddened with E(b-y) ranging from 0.02 to 0.15. The average reddening towards the South Galactic Pole region, b<-60deg, is E(b-y)=0.027+/-0.004 corresponding to E(B-V)=0.036+/-0.005 in contrast to the low value of E(B-V) 0.01 derived from the Burstein & Heiles (1982AJ.....87.1165B) maps. The stars are analyzed in the (b-y)_0_, [Fe/H] diagram, and individual ages estimated using the isochrones of VandenBerg & Bell (1985ApJS...58..561V) and of Bergbusch & VandenBerg (1992ApJS...81..163B). These very metal-poor stars are found to be coeval, within 1-2Gyr, with the halo and thick-disk stars studied previously, with a mean age in excess of 18Gyr. Several blue "thick-disk" stars, which are perhaps analogous to the "blue metal-poor" stars of Preston et al. (1994, Cat. J/AJ/108/538), have been identified.