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III/239     Radial Velocities with Astrometric Data      (Kharchenko+ 2004)

The catalogue of radial velocities of galactic stars with high precision astrometric data (CRVAD) Kharchenko N.V., Piskunov A.E., Scholz R.-D. <Astron. Nachr. 325, 439 (2004)> =2004AN....325..439K
ADC_Keywords: Stars, fundamental ; Combined data ; Positional data ; Radial velocities ; Proper motions ; Parallaxes, trigonometric ; Spectral types ; Cross identifications Description: The catalogue of radial velocities of Galactic stars with high precision astrometric data (CRVAD) is the result of a merging of star lists from the General Catalog of Mean Radial Velocities (GCRV, Cat. III/213) and from the All-sky Compiled Catalogue of 2.5 Million Stars (ASCC-2.5, Cat. I/280). The cross identification of GCRV and ASCC-2.5 objects was carried out with help of coordinate, magnitude, colour and/or spectral type criteria. Data from the Catalogue of Components of Double and Multiple Stars (CCDM, Cat. I/274) were taken into account for the identification of multiple system components. 34553 stars of the ASCC-2.5 were identified with 33509 stars of the GCRV, i.e. 33509 stars of the GCRV have one entry in the ASCC-2.5, and 1044 objects have two entries. The catalogue includes accurate equatorial coordinates J2000, proper motions and trigonometric parallaxes in the Hipparcos system, B and V magnitudes in Johnson system, spectral classes, multiplicity and variability flags from the ASCC-2.5, and radial velocities, stellar magnitudes and spectra from the GCRV. Stars are sorted in right ascension J2000 order. 3967 stars were selected as radial velocity standard candidates (file rv_std.dat). These stars: - do not have any multiplicity and/or variability flags both in the GCRV and ASCC-2.5; - have standard errors of equatorial coordinates e ≤ 40 mas; - have standard errors of proper motions e_pm ≤ 4 mas/yr; - have standard errors of V magnitude e_V ≤ 0.05 mag and (B-V) colour e_(B-V) ≤ 0.07 mag; - have standard errors of radial velocity e_RV ≤ 2 km/s or quality index A or B, which corresponds to e_RV 0.74 and 1.78 km/s; - have at least four RV observations N_RV. File Summary:
FileName Lrecl Records Explanations
ReadMe 80 . This file catalog.dat 227 34553 *The Catalogue rv_std.dat 163 3967 Candidates to RV standards
Note on catalog.dat: data in columns 1-162 are taken from the ASCC-2.5 (Cat. I/280) data in columns 164-225 are taken from the GCRV (Cat. III/213)
See also: I/280 : All-sky Compiled Catalogue of 2.5 million stars (ASCC-2.5, Kharchenko 2001) III/213 : General Catalog of mean radial velocities (GCRV, Barbier-Brossat+, 2000) I/274 : Catalogue of the Components of Double and Multiple Stars (CCDM, Dommanget+ 2002) I/239 : The Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogues (ESA 1997) I/259 : The Tycho-2 Catalogue (Hog+ 2000) I/146 : Positions and Proper Motions - North (PPM, Roeser+, 1988) I/193 : Positions and Proper Motions - South (PPM, Bastian+ 1993) I/208 : The 90000 stars Supplement to the PPM Catalogue (PPM, Roeser+, 1994) I/256 : Carlsberg Meridian Catalogs (CMC, 1999) Byte-by-byte Description of file: catalog.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 12 F12.9 h RAhour Right Ascension J2000.0, epoch 1991.25 14- 25 F12.8 deg DEdeg Declination J2000.0, epoch 1991.25 26- 31 F6.1 mas e_RAhour Standard error in RA*cos(DEdeg) 32- 37 F6.1 mas e_DEdeg Standard error in DEdeg 38- 45 F8.2 mas Plx ?=9999.99 Trigonometric parallax 46- 52 F7.2 mas e_Plx ?=999.99 Standard error in Plx 53- 61 F9.2 mas/yr pmRA Proper Motion in RA*cos(DEdeg) 62- 70 F9.2 mas/yr pmDE Proper Motion in DE 71- 77 F7.2 mas/yr e_pmRA Standard error in pmRA 78- 84 F7.2 mas/yr e_pmDE Standard error in pmDE 85- 91 F7.3 mag Bmag ?=99.999 B magnitude in Johnson system 92- 98 F7.3 mag Vmag ?=99.999 V magnitude in Johnson system 99-104 F6.3 mag e_Bmag ?=9.999 Standard error on B magnitude 105-110 F6.3 mag e_Vmag ?=9.999 Standard error on V magnitude 111-116 F6.3 mag Scat ?=9.999 Scatter on magnitude 118 A1 --- v1 *[GN ] Known variability from GCVS/NSV 119 A1 --- v2 *[UVW ] Variability from Tycho-1 120 A1 --- v3 *[CDMPRU ] Variability type 121 A1 --- v4 *[VYIXR ] Variability from CMC11 122-123 A2 --- d12 *[A-S ] CCDM component identifier (Cat. I/274) 124 A1 --- d3 *[A-S ] Component identifier 125 A1 --- d4 *[DRSYZ ] Duplicity from Tycho-1 126 A1 --- d5 *[CGOVX ] Double/Multiple Systems flag 127 A1 --- d6 [D ] Duplicity flag from PPM 129-140 A12 --- SpType MK Spectral type (from ASCC-2.5) 142-147 I6 --- HIP ?=0 Hipparcos number (Cat. I/239) 149-154 I6 --- HD ?=0 HD number (Cat. III/135) 156-162 I7 --- ASCC ASCC-2.5 (Cat. I/280) number 164-168 I5 --- GCRV GCRV (Cat. III/213) number 170-182 A13 --- CCDM *CCDM number of multiple star and its components 184-188 F5.2 mag mag ?=99.99 Visual or photographic GCRV magnitude 190 A1 --- n_mag *[* ] indicates a photographic mag 191 A1 --- u_mag *[V: ] variability or uncertainty on mag 193-203 A11 --- SpGCRV ? MK Spectral type from GCRV (Cat. III/213) 205-211 F7.2 km/s RV Average Radial Velocity 212-216 F5.1 km/s e_RV ?=-9.9 Mean standard error in RV 218 A1 --- n_RV *[Gge ] Note on RV 219 A1 --- u_RV *[:* ] 220 A1 --- q_RV *[A-E I] Quality index of the RV 221 A1 --- f_RV *[SOCR ] Flag of star type 222-225 I4 --- o_RV ?=0 Number of observations 226-227 I2 --- N_mult [1,2] Number of matches for given GCRV entry
Note on v1: Byte 292 from Tycho-1 file tyc_main.dat This flag is set when the variability is known: G : variable known in General Catalog of Variable Stars N : variable known in New Suspected Variables catalog Note on v2: Byte 294 from Tycho-1 file tyc_main.dat This flag has the following meaning: U : apparent variability in the Tycho data; may be due to duplicity V : strong evidence of intrinsic variability W : suspected intrinsic variability Note on v3: Byte 322 from Hipparcos file hip_main.dat Hipparcos-defined type of variability (a blank entry signifies that the entry could not be classified as variable or constant): C : no variability detected ("constant") D : duplicity-induced variability M : possibly micro-variable (amplitude < 0.03mag) P : periodic variable R : V-I colour index was revised due to variability analysis U : unsolved variable which does not fall in the other categories Note on v4: Flag from CMC11 catalogue V : variable star Y or I : if the CAMC did not measure the mag, an approximate value from other sources is given to a precision of 0.1 mag X or R : star fainter than 12 with unknown mag is given as 12. Note on d12: Bytes 149, 150 from Tycho-2 file catalog.dat. The CCDM component identifiers for double or multiple Hipparcos stars contributing to this Tycho-2 entry. Note on d3: Byte 41 from Hipparcos file hipdmcom.dat Note on d4: Byte 296 from Tycho-1 file tyc_main.dat Unresolved duplicity status from Tycho data analysis: D : duplicity clearly indicated (B_Tmag and V_Tmag refer to combined light) R : duplicity weakly indicated, combined with indication of variability S : duplicity suspected Y : investigation for duplicity carried out on Tycho data, no indication of duplicity was found Z : investigation for duplicity not carried out blank : Hipparcos star not observed by Tycho Note on d5: Byte 347 from Hipparcos file hip_main.dat Indicates that further details are given in the Hipparcos Double and Multiple Systems Annex: C : solutions for the components G : acceleration or higher order terms O : orbital solutions V : variability-induced movers (apparent motion arises from variability) X : stochastic solution (probably astrometric binaries with short period) Note on CCDM: CCDM index (Cat. I/274) is copied from the GCRV (Cat. III/213); Note on n_mag: This flag is "*" if mag is photographic or B magnitude; Note on u_mag: This flag has the following meanings: V for variable star, ":" if the data is uncertain; Note on n_RV: This flag has the following meanings: e: for emission radial velocity G: RV of the gravity center for double or multiple system g: RV of the gravity center for a sub-system Note on u_RV: This flag has the following meanings: ":" uncertainty on RV, "*" approximate value of RV; Note on q_RV: from A to E decreasing quality, I for insufficient data; Note on f_RV: This flag has the following meanings: S = STND : UAI's standard star O = ORB : systemic velocity C = CEPH : cepheid star R = RRLY : RR Lyrae star
Byte-by-byte Description of file: rv_std.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 12 F12.9 h RAhour Right Ascension J2000.0, epoch 1991.25 14- 25 F12.8 deg DEdeg Declination J2000.0, epoch 1991.25 26- 31 F6.1 mas e_RAhour Standard error in RA*cos(DEdeg) 32- 37 F6.1 mas e_DEdeg Standard error in DEdeg 38- 45 F8.2 mas Plx ?=9999.99 Trigonometric parallax 46- 52 F7.2 mas e_Plx ?=999.99 Standard error in Plx 53- 61 F9.2 mas/yr pmRA Proper Motion in RA*cos(DE) 62- 70 F9.2 mas/yr pmDE Proper Motion in DE 71- 77 F7.2 mas/yr e_pm Standard error in pm 78- 84 F7.3 mag Vmag V magnitude in Johnson system 85- 90 F6.3 mag e_Vmag Standard error on V magnitude 91- 97 F7.3 mag B-V (B-V) colour in Johnson system 98-103 F6.3 mag e_B-V Standard error on (B-V) colour 105-116 A12 --- Sp ? Spectral type and luminosity class 118-124 F7.2 km/s RV Mean Radial Velocity 125-129 F5.1 km/s e_RV *?=-9.9 Mean standard error in RV 131 A1 --- q_RV *[AB ] Quality index 132-135 I4 --- o_RV Number of observations 137-142 I6 --- HIP ?=0 Hipparcos number (Cat. I/239) 144-149 I6 --- HD ?=0 HD number (Cat. III/135) 151-157 I7 --- ASCC ASCC-2.5 number (Cat. I/280) 159-163 I5 --- GCRV GCRV number (Cat. III/213)
Note on e_RV, q_RV: the accuracy of radial velocity is described by a standard error or quality index A or B, that correspond to an error of 0.74 and 1.78 km/s, respectively.
References: Barbier-Brossat M., Figon P., 2000, "General catalog of averaged stellar radial velocities for galactic stars", AApSS, 142, 217 (GCRV) (Cat. III/213) Kharchenko N.V., 2001, "All-sky Compiled Catalogue of 2.5 million stars", Kinematics and Physics of Celestial Bodies, 17, 409 (ASCC-2.5) (Cat. I/280A) Kharchenko N.V., Piskunov A.E., Scholz R.-D., 2004, "Astrophysical supplements to the ASCC-2.5. I. Radial velocity data", AN, 325, 439 (CRVAD) Authors' Addresses: Nina V. Kharchenko Main Astronomical Observatory NAS of Ukraine 27 Academica Zabolotnogo St. 03680 Kiev Ukraine e-mail: Anatoly E. Piskunov Institute of Astronomy of the Russian Acad. Sci. 48 Pyatnitskaya St. 119017 Moscow Russia e-mail: R.-D. Scholz Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam An der Sternwarte 16 D-14482 Potsdam Germany e-mail:
(End) Nina V. Kharchenko [Kiev], Anatoly E. Piskunov [INASAN] 08-Jun-2004
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