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J/MNRAS/458/84      Host galaxies of Superluminous Supernovae     (Angus+, 2016)

A Hubble Space Telescope survey of the host galaxies of Superluminous Supernovae. Angus C.R., Levan A.J., Perley D.A., Tanvir N.R., Lyman J.D., Stanway E.R., Fruchter A.S. <Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 458, 84-104 (2016)> =2016MNRAS.458...84A (SIMBAD/NED BibCode)
ADC_Keywords: Galaxies, nearby ; Supernovae ; Photometry, infrared ; Photometry, ultraviolet ; Photometry, HST Keywords: supernovae: general - galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: luminosity function, mass function - galaxies: starburst Abstract: We present Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Wide Field Camera 3 UV and near-IR (nIR) imaging of 21 Superluminous Supernovae (SLSNe) host galaxies, providing a sensitive probe of star formation and stellar mass within the hosts. Comparing the photometric and morphological properties of these host galaxies with those of core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe) and long-duration gamma-ray bursts (LGRBs), we find SLSN hosts are fainter and more compact at both UV and nIR wavelengths, in some cases we barely recover hosts with absolute magnitude around MV~=-14. With the addition of ground based optical observations and archival results, we produce spectral energy distribution fits to these hosts, and show that SLSN hosts possess lower stellar mass and star formation rates. This is most pronounced for the hydrogen deficient Type-I SLSN hosts, although Type-II H-rich SLSN host galaxies remain distinct from the bulk of CCSNe, spanning a remarkably broad range of absolute magnitudes, with ∼30 per cent of SLSNe-II arising from galaxies fainter than MnIR~-14. The detection of our faintest SLSN hosts increases the confidence that SLSNe-I hosts are distinct from those of LGRBs in star formation rate and stellar mass, and suggests that apparent similarities in metallicity may be due to the limited fraction of hosts for which emission line metallicity measurements are feasible. The broad range of luminosities of SLSN-II hosts is difficult to describe by metallicity cuts, and does not match the expectations of any reasonable UV-weighted luminosity function, suggesting additional environmental constraints are likely necessary to yield hydrogen rich SLSNe. Description: Here we use nIR and rest-frame UV observations of a sample of 21 SLSN host galaxies, within a redshift range of 0.019<z<1.19 (SN 2006gy -> SCP 06F6). This HST sample (programme GO-13025; PI: Levan) comprised 21 targets, based on the sample of Neill et al. (2011ApJ...727...15N), supplemented with luminous SNe from the literature (up to 2012 Jan). File Summary:
FileName Lrecl Records Explanations
ReadMe 80 . This file table1.dat 90 31 SLSN host sample used within this paper, listing positions, redshifts and observations used within this study table2.dat 113 26 Apparent and absolute magnitudes of SLSN hosts observed with HST in nIR (F160W), rest-frame UV (F275W, F336W or F390W) and optical bands tablea1.dat 27 24 SLSNe discovery images used for carrying out astrometry and identifying host galaxies tablea2.dat 82 17 CCSNe comparison sample selected from the GOODs survey, for which we carry out photometric measurements, with redshifts and positions included (nIR) tablea3.dat 44 26 LGRB subsample from SNAPSHOT survey tablea4.dat 79 70 UV data
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table1.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 8 A8 --- SLSN Name (SNYYYYaa or PTFYYaaa or SCPYYFN) (1) 11- 18 A8 --- Class Classification 20- 24 F5.3 --- z Redshift 26- 27 I2 h RAh Right ascension (J2000) 29- 30 I2 min RAm Right ascension (J2000) 32- 37 F6.3 s RAs Right ascension (J2000) 39 A1 --- DE- Declination sign (J2000) 40- 41 I2 deg DEd Declination (J2000) 43- 44 I2 arcmin DEm Declination (J2000) 46- 50 F5.2 arcsec DEs Declination (J2000) 53- 57 A5 --- FiltUV UV filter name 59- 62 I4 s TexpUV ?=- Exposure time in FiltUV filter 64- 68 A5 --- FiltOpt Optical filter name (2) 70- 73 I4 s TexpOpt ?=- Exposure time in FiltOpt filter 75- 79 A5 --- FiltnIR NIR filter name 81- 84 I4 s TexpnIR ?=- Exposure time in FiltnIR filter 86- 90 A5 --- Ref References (3)
Note (1): Note that PTF10hgi and PTF11rks are also sometimes referred to by their IAU designations of SN 2010md and SN 2011kg respectively. Note (2): Optical imaging with r" filter obtained with the WHT, B and R band imaging using the Keck I 10m Telescope and additional R band imaging obtained with VLT. Note (3): References as follows: 1 = Richardson et al. (2002AJ....123..745R) (classification uncertain) 2 = Hamuy et al. (2003Natur.424..651H) 3 = Gal-Yam (2012Sci...337..927G) 4 = Schmidt et al. (2000IAUC.7516R...1D) 5 = Quimby et al. (2007ApJ...668L..99Q) 6 = Smith et al. ( 2007ApJ...666.1116S ) 7 = Ofek et al. (2007ApJ...659L..13O) 8 = Leloudas et al. (2012, 2015) 9 = Barbary et al. (2009, Cat. J/ApJ/690/1358) 10 = Gal-Yam et al. (2009Natur.462..624G) 11 = Chatzopoulos et al. (2011, Cat. J/ApJ/729/143) 12 = Miller et al. (2009ApJ...690.1303M) 13 = Gezari et al. (2009ApJ...690.1313G) 14 = Drake et al. (2010ApJ...718L.127D) 15 = Quimby et al. (2011Natur.474..484Q) 16 = Inserra et al. (2013ApJ...770..128I) 17 = Quimby et al. (2010ATel.2979....1Q) 18 = Quimby et al. (2011ATel.3465....1Q)
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table2.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 8 A8 --- SLSN Name 10 A1 --- l_UVmag Limit flag on UVmag 11- 15 F5.2 mag UVmag ?=- Apparent UV magnitude (AB) 17- 21 F5.3 mag e_UVmag ? rms uncertainty on UVmag (AB) 23 A1 --- l_UVMAG Limit flag on UVMAG 24- 30 F7.3 mag UVMAG ?=- Absolute UV magnitude (AB) 32- 36 F5.3 mag e_UVMAG ? rms uncertainty on UVMAG (AB) 37 A1 --- l_optmag Limit flag on optmag 38- 42 F5.2 mag optmag ?=- Apparent optical magnitude (AB) 44- 47 F4.2 mag e_optmag ? rms uncertainty on optmag (AB) 48 A1 --- n_optmag [abc] Code for optical filter (1) 50 A1 --- l_optMAG Limit flag on optMAG 51- 57 F7.3 mag optMAG ?=- Absolute optical magnitude (AB) 59- 62 F4.2 mag e_optMAG ? rms uncertainty on optMAG (AB) 63 A1 --- n_optMAG [abc] Code for optical filter (1) 65 A1 --- l_nIRmag Limit flag on nIR magnitude 66- 71 F6.3 mag nIRmag ?=- nIR magnitude (AB) 73- 77 F5.3 mag e_nIRmag ? rms uncertainty on nIRmag (AB) 79 A1 --- l_nIRMAG Limit flag on nIRMAG 80- 86 F7.3 mag nIRMAG ?=- Absolute nIR magnitude (AB) 88- 92 F5.3 mag e_nIRMAG ? rms uncertainty on nIRMAG (AB) 94- 98 F5.2 kpc r80 ?=- Linear radius containing 80 per cent of the total flux from the host within the nIR F160W image 100-103 F4.2 kpc e_r80 ? rms uncertainty on r80 105-108 F4.2 arcsec r80a ?=- Angular radius containing 80 per cent of the total flux from the host within the nIR F160W image 110-113 F4.2 arcsec e_r80a ? rms uncertainty on r80
Note (1): Optical photometric bands as follows: a = WHT (r" band) b = VLT (R band) c = HST ACS (F606W band)
Byte-by-byte Description of file: tablea1.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 9 A9 --- SLSN Name 12- 13 I2 --- Img ?=- Image reference (1) 15- 27 A13 --- Inst Instrument
Note (1): Details for images taken from literature can be found in the following sources: 1 = Rawlings et al. (1996Natur.383..502R) 2 = ESO 59.A-9004(A), Service Mode, NTT 3 = Rezman Observatory 4 = GO-10877, PI: Li 5 = Barbary et al. (2009, Cat. J/ApJ/690/1358) 6 = Gal-Yam et al. (2009Natur.462..624G) 7 = Chatzopoulos et al. (2011, Cat. J/ApJ/729/143) 8 = ToO ESO 9 = Service Mode, NTT 10 = Discovery images courtesy of PTF 11 = ToO Gemini South 12 = ToO Gemini North
Byte-by-byte Description of file: tablea2.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 8 A8 --- Event Event name (SNYYYYaa) 11- 14 F4.2 --- z Redshift 16- 17 I2 h RAh Right ascension (J2000) 19- 20 I2 min RAm Right ascension (J2000) 22- 27 F6.3 s RAs Right ascension (J2000) 29 A1 --- DE- Declination sign (J2000) 30- 31 I2 deg DEd Declination (J2000) 33- 34 I2 arcmin DEm Declination (J2000) 36- 40 F5.2 arcsec DEs Declination (J2000) 42- 48 F7.4 mag nIRmag Apparent nIR magnitude (AB) 50- 55 F6.4 mag e_nIRmag rms uncertainty on nIRmag (AB) 57- 64 F8.4 mag nIRMAG Absolute nIR magnitude (AB) 66- 71 F6.4 mag e_nIRMAG rms uncertainty on nIRMAG (AB) 74- 77 F4.2 kpc r80 Radius containing 80 per cent of the total flux from the host within the nIR F160W image 79- 82 F4.2 kpc e_r80 rms uncertainty on r80
Byte-by-byte Description of file: tablea3.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 10 A10 --- Event Event name (GRBYYMMDDA) 13- 18 F6.4 --- z Redshift 20- 21 I2 h RAh Right ascension (J2000) 23- 24 I2 min RAm Right ascension (J2000) 26- 31 F6.3 s RAs Right ascension (J2000) 33 A1 --- DE- Declination sign (J2000) 34- 35 I2 deg DEd Declination (J2000) 37- 38 I2 arcmin DEm Declination (J2000) 40- 44 F5.2 arcsec DEs Declination (J2000)
Byte-by-byte Description of file: tablea4.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 10 A10 --- Event Event name (SNYYYYaa or GRBYYMMDDA) 13- 18 F6.4 --- z Redshift 20- 21 I2 h RAh Right ascension (J2000) 23- 24 I2 min RAm Right ascension (J2000) 26- 31 F6.3 s RAs Right ascension (J2000) 33 A1 --- DE- Declination sign (J2000) 34- 35 I2 deg DEd Declination (J2000) 37- 38 I2 arcmin DEm Declination (J2000) 40- 44 F5.2 arcsec DEs ? Declination (J2000) 46- 47 A2 --- l_UVmag [≥ ] Limit flag on UVmag 48- 53 F6.3 mag UVmag Apparent UV magnitude (AB) 55- 59 F5.3 mag e_UVmag ?=- rms uncertainty on UVmag (AB) 61- 62 A2 --- l_UVMAG [≥ ] Limit flag on UVMAG 63- 69 F7.3 mag UVMAG Absolute UV magnitude (AB) 71- 75 F5.3 mag e_UVMAG ?=- rms uncertainty on UVMAG (AB) 77- 79 A3 --- Ref Reference (1)
Note (1): References (above core-collapse SNe drawn (1-3) and below LGRBs from GHosts (4-21)) as follows: 1 = GOODS sample 2 = Sanders et al. (2012ApJ...758..132S) 3 = Lennarz, Altmann & Wiebusch (2012, Cat. J/A+A/538/A120) 4 = Savaglio et al. (2009ApJ...691..182S, and references therein) 5 = Resmi et al. (2012MNRAS.427..288R) 6 = Hjorth et al. (2012ApJ...756..187H) 7 = Sollerman et al. (2007A&A...466..839S) 8 = Perley et al. (2013, Cat. J/ApJ/778/128) 9 = Levan et al. (2007MNRAS.378.1439L) 10 = Cool et al. (2007GCN..6170....1C) 11 = Tanvir et al. (2010ApJ...725..625T) 12 = Kruehler et al. (2011A&A...534A.108K) 13 = McBreen et al. (2010A&A...516A..71M) 14 = Holland et al. (2010ApJ...717..223H) 15 = Vergani et al. (2011A&A...535A.127V) 16 = Starling et al. (2011MNRAS.411.2792S) 17 = Abazajian et al. (2009ApJS..182..543A) 18 = Perez-Ramirez et al. (2013, EAS Publ. Ser. Vol. 61, 345) 19 = Elliott et al. (2013A&A...556A..23E) 20 = Levan et al. (2014ApJ...792..115L) 21 = Schulze et al. (2014A&A...566A.102S)
History: From electronic version of the journal
(End) Patricia Vannier [CDS] 25-Nov-2016
The document above follows the rules of the Standard Description for Astronomical Catalogues.From this documentation it is possible to generate f77 program to load files into arrays or line by line

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