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J/ApJS/230/28     The populations of Carina. II. Abundances      (Norris+, 2017)

The populations of Carina. II. Chemical enrichment. Norris J.E., Yong D., Venn K.A., Gilmore G., Casagrande L., Dotter A. <Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser., 230, 28-28 (2017)> =2017ApJS..230...28N (SIMBAD/NED BibCode)
ADC_Keywords: Abundances ; Stars, giant ; Equivalent widths ; Radial velocities Photometry, UBVRI ; Photometry, infrared ; Cross identifications Keywords: galaxies: abundances; galaxies: dwarf; galaxies: individual: Carina; stars: abundances Abstract: Chemical abundances are presented for 19 elements in a sample of 63 red giants in the Carina dwarf spheroidal galaxy (dSph), based on homogeneous 1D/LTE model atmosphere analyses of our own observations (32 stars) and data available in the literature (a further 31 independent stars). The (Fe) metallicity and [α/Fe] distribution functions have mean values and dispersions of -1.59 and 0.33dex ([Fe/H] range: -2.68 to -0.64) and 0.07 and 0.13dex ([α/Fe] range: -0.27 to 0.25), respectively. We confirm the finding of Venn+ (2012, J/ApJ/751/102) that a small percentage (some 10% in the present investigation) of the sample shows clear evidence for significant enrichment by Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) ejecta. Calcium, with the most accurately determined abundance of the α-elements, shows an asymmetric distribution toward smaller values of [Ca/Fe] at all [Fe/H], most significantly over -2.0<[Fe/H]←1.0, suggestive of incomplete mixing of the ejecta of SNe Ia with the ambient medium of each of Carina's generations. Approximate color-magnitude diagram age estimates are presented for the sample, and together with our chemical abundances, compared with the results of our previous synthetic color-magnitude diagram analysis, which reported the details of Carina's four well-defined populations. We searched for the Na-O anticorrelation universally reported in the Galaxy's globular clusters and confirm that this phenomenon does not exist in Carina. We also found that one of the 32 stars in our sample has an extremely enhanced lithium abundance-A(Li)NLTE=+3.36, consistent with membership of the ∼1% group of Li-rich stars in dSph described by Kirby+ (2012ApJ...752L..16K). Description: Our selection of objects is based on unpublished CCD V, I observations that we have made of the Carina galaxy. High-resolution, moderate-S/N spectra were obtained of 39 Carina red giants, during 2007 November-2008 March, with the FLAMES system at the 8.2m Kueyen (VLT/UT2) telescope at Cerro Paranal. The spectra cover the wavelength ranges 4800-5750Å and 5840-6800Å. The resolving power was R=47000. Photometry has been obtained from several sources: P. B. Stetson provided us with homogenized BVI, M. J. Irwin furnished JHK from ESO VISTA survey photometry, and M. Gullieuszik supplied BVIJHKs. File Summary:
FileName Lrecl Records Explanations
ReadMe 80 . This file table1.dat 78 32 Coordinates, photometry, and radial velocities for 32 Carina red giants ews.dat 46 6752 Atomic data and equivalent widths (mÅ) for 32 Carina red giants (tables 2, 3 and 4) table5.dat 31 32 Model atmosphere parameters for 32 Carina red giants table6.dat 47 672 Chemical abundances for 32 Carina red giants table8.dat 288 32 Summary of [Fe/H], [X/Fe], and total errors for 32 Carina red giants table9.dat 94 49 Coordinates, photometry, and atmospheric parameters for 49 Carina red giants from the literature table10.dat 282 14 Summary of [Fe/H], [X/Fe], and total errors for 14 literature (Venn+ (2012, J/ApJ/751/102) & Shetrone+ (2003AJ....125..684S)) Carina red giants table11.dat 139 35 Summary of [Fe/H], [X/Fe], and total errors for 35 Lemasle+ (2012, J/A+A/538/A100) Carina red giants table12.dat 83 30 alpha/Fe values and errors for 30 Carina red giants table13.dat 34 63 Fraction of Type Ia material, <d[Xi/Fe]>, and [Ba/Fe] in the Carina red giants table14.dat 52 63 Cross-identification and coordinates of program stars table15.dat 222 63 Average [Fe/H], [X/Fe], and errors for the 63 independent Carina red giants
See also: J/ApJS/99/637 : Equivalent widths for 54 red giants (Norris+ 1995) J/A+AS/121/95 : Giant stars abundances in 24 clusters (Carretta+ 1997) J/AJ/114/1458 : The Carina Dwarf (Mighell 1997) J/AJ/115/1840 : BV photometry in Carina dwarf galaxy (Hurley-Keller+ 1998) J/AJ/120/1841 : Abundances & Kinematics of Halo & Disk Stars (Fulbright 2000) J/A+A/439/129 : HERES II. Spectroscopic analysis (Barklem+, 2005) J/ApJ/626/446 : Effective temperature scale of FGK stars (Ramirez+, 2005) J/MNRAS/373/13 : Lower main-sequence stars parameters (Casagrande+, 2006) J/ApJ/649/201 : Velocities & Washington phot. in Carina dSph (Munoz+, 2006) J/AJ/131/895 : Stars in the Carina dwarf spheroidal galaxy (Koch+, 2006) J/MNRAS/383/183 : CaII triplet of RGB from VLT/FLAMES obs. (Battaglia+, 2008) J/AJ/135/1580 : Element abundances in ten red giants of Car dSph (Koch+, 2008) J/A+A/503/541 : Neutral Li in late-type stars (Lind+, 2009) J/AJ/137/3100 : Radial velocities of 4 dSph galaxies (Walker+, 2009) J/ApJ/711/350 : Metal-poor giant Boo-1137 abundances (Norris+, 2010) J/ApJS/194/15 : CCCP: Carina's diffuse X-ray emission (Townsley+, 2011) J/ApJ/736/146 : Radial velocities of stars in Bootes I (Koposov+, 2011) J/A+A/534/A136 : Halo red giants from the SEGUE survey (Martell+, 2011) J/ApJ/733/46 : Velocity measurements in Segue 1 (Simon+, 2011) J/AJ/141/175 : Abundances in M15 RGB/RHB stars (Sobeck+, 2011) J/PASP/124/519 : Iron abundances of red giants in Carina gal. (Fabrizio+, 2012) J/A+A/538/A100 : Abundances red giants in Carina dSph (Lemasle+, 2012) J/ApJ/757/164 : Oxygen abundances of dwarf stars (Ramirez+, 2012) J/ApJ/751/102 : Equivalent widths of 9 RGB in Carina dSph (Venn+, 2012) J/ApJ/763/61 : Abundances of 7 red giant members of BootesI (Gilmore+, 2013) J/ApJ/778/149 : Abundances for 3 stars in Sgr dSph (McWilliam+, 2013) J/ApJ/762/26 : Most metal-poor stars. II. Galactic halo stars (Yong+, 2013) J/A+A/572/A10 : (BV) photometry in Carina dSph (de Boer+, 2014) J/A+A/580/A18 : Carina Project VIII. α-element abund. (Fabrizio+, 2015) J/ApJ/830/126 : The Carina project. X. Radial velocities (Fabrizio+, 2016) J/ApJS/225/24 : NuGrid stellar data set I. Yields (Pignatari+, 2016) Byte-by-byte Description of file: table1.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 7 A7 --- Name Object name 9- 10 I2 h RAh [06] Hour of Right Ascension (J2000) 12- 13 I2 min RAm [40/42] Minute of Right Ascension (J2000) 15- 19 F5.2 s RAs Second of Right Ascension (J2000) 21 A1 --- DE- [-] Sign of the Declination (J2000) 22- 23 I2 deg DEd [50/51] Degree of Declination (J2000) 25- 26 I2 arcmin DEm Arcminute of Declination (J2000) 28- 31 F4.1 arcsec DEs Arcsecond of Declination (J2000) 33- 37 F5.2 mag Vmag [17.6/18.7] V band magnitude, Johnson-Kron-Cousins system (G1) 39- 42 F4.2 mag B-V B-V color index, Johnson-Kron-Cousins system (G1) 44- 48 F5.2 mag Imag [16.1/17.5] I band magnitude, Johnson-Kron-Cousins system (G1) 50- 54 F5.2 mag Jmag [15/16.7] J band magnitude, 2MASS system (G2) 56- 60 F5.2 mag Hmag H band magnitude, 2MASS system (G2) 62- 66 F5.2 mag Ksmag Ks band magnitude, 2MASS system (G2) 68- 73 F6.2 km/s RVel [215/237] Derived Radial Velocity 75- 78 F4.2 km/s e_RVel [0.07/0.3] Uncertainty in RVel
Byte-by-byte Description of file: ews.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 7 A7 --- Name Object name 9- 13 A5 --- Ion Atomic species 15- 21 F7.2 0.1nm lambda [5302.3/6774.3] Wavelength in Angstroms 23- 26 F4.2 eV ExPot [0/5.8] Excitation Potential 28- 33 F6.3 --- log(gf) [-9.8/0.7] Log of oscillator strength 35 A1 --- l_EW Limit flag on EW 36- 40 F5.1 0.1pm EW [10.5/238]? Equivalent width of star at lambda 42- 43 I2 --- SNR [7/23]? SNR for the star (1) 45- 46 I2 0.1pm min [14/34]? Minimum EW for the star
Note (1): S/N per ∼0.28Å pixel at 5300-5700Å.
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table5.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 7 A7 --- Name Object name 9- 12 I4 K Teff [4230/4695] Derived surface effective temperature 14- 16 I3 K e_Teff Uncertainty in Teff 18- 21 F4.2 [cm/s2] logg [0.6/1.4] Derived surface gravity, cgs units 23- 26 F4.1 [Sun] [M/H] [-2.3/-1.2] Log metallicity, eq. to iron abundance [Fe/H] 28- 31 F4.2 km/s Vturb [1.8/2.5] Microturbulent velocity
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table6.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 7 A7 --- Name Object name 10- 14 A5 --- Ion Atomic species 16 A1 --- l_loge(X) Limit flag on loge(X) 17- 21 F5.2 [-] loge(X) [-1.4/8]? Mean absolute abundance (1) 23- 26 F4.2 [-] e_loge(X) ? Standard error of the mean, loge(X) 28- 29 I2 --- Nl [1/82]? Number of lines analyzed 31 A1 --- l_[X/Fe] Limit flag on [X/Fe] 32- 37 F6.2 [Sun] [X/Fe] [-2.5/1.8]? Abundance relative to Fe (2) 39- 42 F4.2 [Sun] s_[X/Fe] ? Systematic error, [X/Fe] 44- 47 F4.2 [Sun] e_[X/Fe] ? Total error, [X/Fe]
Note (1): loge(X)=log(NX/NH)+12.0 Note (2): Abundance relative to Fe except for Fe atomic species which are relative to hydrogen, [Fe/H]
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table8.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 7 A7 --- Name Object name 10- 14 F5.2 [Sun] [Fe/H] [-2.5/-1.2]? [Fe/H] abundance 16 A1 --- l_O Limit flag on O 17- 21 F5.2 [Sun] O [0.1/1.3]? [O/Fe] abundance 23 A1 --- l_Na Limit flag on Na 24- 29 F6.2 [Sun] Na [-0.8/0.8]? [Na/Fe] abundance 31- 35 F5.2 [Sun] Mg [-0.5/0.9]? [Mg/Fe] abundance 37 A1 --- l_Al Limit flag on Al 38- 42 F5.2 [Sun] Al [0.06/1.8]? [Al/Fe] abundance 44- 47 F4.2 [Sun] Si [0.06/0.9]? [Si/Fe] abundance 49- 53 F5.2 [Sun] Ca [-0.4/0.3]? [Ca/Fe] abundance 55- 59 F5.2 [Sun] Sc [-0.9/0.5]? [Sc/Fe] abundance 61- 65 F5.2 [Sun] TiI [-0.4/0.7]? [TiI/Fe] abundance 67- 71 F5.2 [Sun] TiII [-0.2/0.6]? [TiII/Fe] abundance 73- 77 F5.2 [Sun] V ? [V/Fe] abundance 79- 83 F5.2 [Sun] Cr [-0.5/0.2]? [Cr/Fe] abundance 85- 89 F5.2 [Sun] Mn [-0.9/0.5]? [Mn/Fe] abundance 91- 95 F5.2 [Sun] FeII [-0.01/0.7]? [FeII/Fe] abundance 97-101 F5.2 [Sun] Co ? [Co/Fe] abundance 103-107 F5.2 [Sun] Ni [-0.5/0.5]? [Ni/Fe] abundance 109-113 F5.2 [Sun] Cu ? [Cu/Fe] abundance 115-119 F5.2 [Sun] Ba [-1/0.6]? [Ba/Fe] abundance 121-124 F4.2 [Sun] La ? [La/Fe] abundance 126-130 F5.2 [Sun] Nd ? [Nd/Fe] abundance 132-135 F4.2 [Sun] Eu ? [Eu/Fe] abundance 137-140 F4.2 [Sun] e_[Fe/H] ? Total Error in [Fe/H] 142-145 F4.2 [Sun] e_O ? Total Error in [O/Fe] 147-150 F4.2 [Sun] e_Na ? Total Error in [Na/Fe] 152-155 F4.2 [Sun] e_Mg ? Total Error in [Mg/Fe] 157-160 F4.2 [Sun] e_Al ? Total Error in [Al/Fe] 162-165 F4.2 [Sun] e_Si ? Total Error in [Si/Fe] 167-170 F4.2 [Sun] e_Ca ? Total Error in [Ca/Fe] 172-175 F4.2 [Sun] e_Sc ? Total Error in [Sc/Fe] 177-180 F4.2 [Sun] e_TiI ? Total Error in [TiI/Fe] 182-185 F4.2 [Sun] e_TiII ? Total Error in [TiII/Fe] 187-190 F4.2 [Sun] e_V ? Total Error in [V/Fe] 192-195 F4.2 [Sun] e_Cr ? Total Error in [Cr/Fe] 197-200 F4.2 [Sun] e_Mn ? Total Error in [Mn/Fe] 202-205 F4.2 [Sun] e_FeII ? Total Error in [FeII/Fe] 207-210 F4.2 [Sun] e_Co ? Total Error in [Co/Fe] 212-215 F4.2 [Sun] e_Ni ? Total Error in [Ni/Fe] 217-220 F4.2 [Sun] e_Cu ? Total Error in [Cu/Fe] 222-225 F4.2 [Sun] e_Ba ? Total Error in [Ba/Fe] 227-230 F4.2 [Sun] e_La ? Total Error in [La/Fe] 232-235 F4.2 [Sun] e_Nd ? Total Error in [Nd/Fe] 237-240 F4.2 [Sun] e_Eu ? Total Error in [Eu/Fe] 242-243 I2 --- o_[Fe/H] ? Number of Fe lines observed 245 I1 --- o_O ? Number of O lines observed 247 I1 --- o_Na ? Number of Na lines observed 249 I1 --- o_Mg ? Number of Mg lines observed 251 I1 --- o_Al ? Number of Al lines observed 253 I1 --- o_Si ? Number of Si lines observed 255-256 I2 --- o_Ca ? Number of Ca lines observed 258 I1 --- o_Sc ? Number of Sc lines observed 260 I1 --- o_TiI ? Number of TiI lines observed 262 I1 --- o_TiII ? Number of TiII lines observed 264-265 I2 --- o_V ? Number of V lines observed 267 I1 --- o_Cr ? Number of Cr lines observed 269 I1 --- o_Mn ? Number of Mn lines observed 271-272 I2 --- o_FeII ? Number of FeII lines observed 274 I1 --- o_Co ? Number of Co lines observed 276-277 I2 --- o_Ni ? Number of Ni lines observed 279 I1 --- o_Cu ? Number of Cu lines observed 281 I1 --- o_Ba ? Number of Ba lines observed 283 I1 --- o_La ? Number of La lines observed 285 I1 --- o_Nd ? Number of Nd lines observed 287-288 I2 --- o_Eu ? Number of Eu lines observed
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table9.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 8 A8 --- ID Object name 10 I1 --- Ref Literature sources (1) 12- 13 I2 h RAh [06] Hour of Right Ascension (J2000) 15- 16 I2 min RAm [40/42] Minute of Right Ascension (J2000) 18- 22 F5.2 s RAs Second of Right Ascension (J2000) 24 A1 --- DE- [-] Sign of the Declination (J2000) 25- 26 I2 deg DEd [50/51] Degree of Declination (J2000) 28- 29 I2 arcmin DEm Arcminute of Declination (J2000) 31- 34 F4.1 arcsec DEs Arcsecond of Declination (J2000) 36- 40 F5.2 mag Vmag [17.6/19.3] V band magnitude, Johnson- Kron-Cousins system (G1) 42- 45 F4.2 mag B-V B-V color index, Johnson- Kron-Cousins system (G1) 47- 51 F5.2 mag Imag [16/18.2] I band magnitude, Johnson- Kron-Cousins system (G1) 53- 57 F5.2 mag Jmag [15/17.4] J band magnitude, 2MASS system (G2) 59- 63 F5.2 mag Hmag H band magnitude, 2MASS system (G2) 65- 69 F5.2 mag Kmag K band magnitude, 2MASS system (G2) 71- 74 I4 K Teff [4230/4832] Derived surface effective temperature 76- 78 I3 K e_Teff Uncertainty in Teff 80- 83 F4.2 [cm/s2] logg [0.6/1.7] Derived surface gravity, cgs units 85- 89 F5.2 [Sun] [M/H] [-2.8/-0.7] Log metallicity, eq. to iron abundance [Fe/H] 91- 94 F4.2 km/s Vturb [1.7/2.7] Microturbulent velocity
Note (1): Literature Sources as follows: 1 = Venn et al. (2012, J/ApJ/751/102; <[VSI2012] Car-NNNN> in Simbad) 2 = Shetrone et al. (2003AJ....125..684S; <[MOP93] NN> in Simbad); 3 = Lemasle et al. (2012, J/A+A/538/A100; <[LHT2012] MKVNNNN> in Simbad)
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table10.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 9 A9 --- ID Object name, Venn+ (2012, J/ApJ/751/102) or Shetrone+ (2003AJ....125..684S) 11- 15 F5.2 [Sun] [Fe/H] [-2.7/-1.3]? [Fe/H] abundance 17- 20 F4.2 [Sun] O [0.2/0.7]? [O/Fe] abundance 22- 26 F5.2 [Sun] Na [-0.5/0.01]? [Na/Fe] abundance 28- 32 F5.2 [Sun] Mg [-0.6/0.5]? [Mg/Fe] abundance 34- 38 F5.2 [Sun] Al [-0.02/0.2]? [Al/Fe] abundance 40- 43 F4.2 [Sun] Si [0.1/0.6]? [Si/Fe] abundance 45- 49 F5.2 [Sun] Ca [-0.5/0.2]? [Ca/Fe] abundance 51- 55 F5.2 [Sun] Sc [-0.5/0.3]? [Sc/Fe] abundance 57- 61 F5.2 [Sun] TiI [-0.4/0.4]? [TiI/Fe] abundance 63- 67 F5.2 [Sun] TiII [-0.2/0.6]? [TiII/Fe] abundance 69- 73 F5.2 [Sun] V ? [V/Fe] abundance 75- 79 F5.2 [Sun] Cr [-0.8/0.2]? [Cr/Fe] abundance 81- 85 F5.2 [Sun] Mn [-0.5/-0.1]? [Mn/Fe] abundance 87- 90 F4.2 [Sun] FeII [0.03/0.4]? [FeII/Fe] abundance 92- 96 F5.2 [Sun] Co ? [Co/Fe] abundance 98-102 F5.2 [Sun] Ni [-0.3/0.2]? [Ni/Fe] abundance 104-108 F5.2 [Sun] Cu ? [Cu/Fe] abundance 110-114 F5.2 [Sun] Ba [-1.1/0.5]? [Ba/Fe] abundance 116-119 F4.2 [Sun] La ? [La/Fe] abundance 121-125 F5.2 [Sun] Nd ? [Nd/Fe] abundance 127-130 F4.2 [Sun] Eu ? [Eu/Fe] abundance 132-135 F4.2 [Sun] e_[Fe/H] ? Total Error in [Fe/H] 137-140 F4.2 [Sun] e_O ? Total Error in [O/Fe] 142-145 F4.2 [Sun] e_Na ? Total Error in [Na/Fe] 147-150 F4.2 [Sun] e_Mg ? Total Error in [Mg/Fe] 152-155 F4.2 [Sun] e_Al ? Total Error in [Al/Fe] 157-160 F4.2 [Sun] e_Si ? Total Error in [Si/Fe] 162-165 F4.2 [Sun] e_Ca ? Total Error in [Ca/Fe] 167-170 F4.2 [Sun] e_Sc ? Total Error in [Sc/Fe] 172-175 F4.2 [Sun] e_TiI ? Total Error in [TiI/Fe] 177-180 F4.2 [Sun] e_TiII ? Total Error in [TiII/Fe] 182-185 F4.2 [Sun] e_V ? Total Error in [V/Fe] 187-190 F4.2 [Sun] e_Cr ? Total Error in [Cr/Fe] 192-195 F4.2 [Sun] e_Mn ? Total Error in [Mn/Fe] 197-200 F4.2 [Sun] e_FeII ? Total Error in [FeII/Fe] 202-205 F4.2 [Sun] e_Co ? Total Error in [Co/Fe] 207-210 F4.2 [Sun] e_Ni ? Total Error in [Ni/Fe] 212-215 F4.2 [Sun] e_Cu ? Total Error in [Cu/Fe] 217-220 F4.2 [Sun] e_Ba ? Total Error in [Ba/Fe] 222-225 F4.2 [Sun] e_La ? Total Error in [La/Fe] 227-230 F4.2 [Sun] e_Nd ? Total Error in [Nd/Fe] 232-235 F4.2 [Sun] e_Eu ? Total Error in [Eu/Fe] 237-238 I2 --- o_[Fe/H] ? Number of Fe lines observed 240 I1 --- o_O ? Number of O lines observed 242 I1 --- o_Na ? Number of Na lines observed 244 I1 --- o_Mg ? Number of Mg lines observed 246 I1 --- o_Al ? Number of Al lines observed 248 I1 --- o_Si ? Number of Si lines observed 250-251 I2 --- o_Ca ? Number of Ca lines observed 253 I1 --- o_Sc ? Number of Sc lines observed 255 I1 --- o_TiI ? Number of TiI lines observed 257 I1 --- o_TiII ? Number of TiII lines observed 259-260 I2 --- o_V ? Number of V lines observed 262 I1 --- o_Cr ? Number of Cr lines observed 264 I1 --- o_Mn ? Number of Mn lines observed 266-267 I2 --- o_FeII ? Number of FeII lines observed 269 I1 --- o_Co ? Number of Co lines observed 271 I1 --- o_Ni ? Number of Ni lines observed 273 I1 --- o_Cu ? Number of Cu lines observed 275 I1 --- o_Ba ? Number of Ba lines observed 277 I1 --- o_La ? Number of La lines observed 279 I1 --- o_Nd ? Number of Nd lines observed 281-282 I2 --- o_Eu ? Number of Eu lines observed
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table11.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 8 A8 --- ID Object name, Lemasle+ (2012, J/A+A/538/A100) 10- 14 F5.2 [Sun] [Fe/H] [-2.4/-0.6]? [Fe/H] abundance 16- 20 F5.2 [Sun] Mg [-0.9/0.7]? [Mg/Fe] abundance 22- 26 F5.2 [Sun] Ca [-0.6/0.6]? [Ca/Fe] abundance 28- 32 F5.2 [Sun] TiI [-0.5/1.4]? [TiI/Fe] abundance 34- 38 F5.2 [Sun] TiII [-0.2/0.9]? [TiII/Fe] abundance 40- 44 F5.2 [Sun] Cr [-0.7/0.6]? [Cr/Fe] abundance 46- 50 F5.2 [Sun] Mn [-0.7/0.2]? [Mn/Fe] abundance 52- 56 F5.2 [Sun] FeII [-0.01/1]? [FeII/Fe] abundance 58- 61 F4.2 [Sun] Ni [0/0.6]? [Ni/Fe] abundance 63- 67 F5.2 [Sun] Ba [-1/0.6]? [Ba/Fe] abundance 69- 72 F4.2 [Sun] e_[Fe/H] ? Total Error in [[Fe/H] 74- 77 F4.2 [Sun] e_Mg ? Total Error in [Mg/Fe] 79- 82 F4.2 [Sun] e_Ca ? Total Error in [Ca/Fe] 84- 87 F4.2 [Sun] e_TiI ? Total Error in [TiI/Fe] 89- 92 F4.2 [Sun] e_TiII ? Total Error in [TiII/Fe] 94- 97 F4.2 [Sun] e_Cr ? Total Error in [Cr/Fe] 99-102 F4.2 [Sun] e_Mn ? Total Error in [Mn/Fe] 104-107 F4.2 [Sun] e_FeII ? Total Error in [FeII/Fe] 109-112 F4.2 [Sun] e_Ni ? Total Error in [Ni/Fe] 114-117 F4.2 [Sun] e_Ba ? Total Error in [Ba/Fe] 119-120 I2 --- o_[Fe/H] ? Number of [Fe/H] lines observed 122 I1 --- o_Mg ? Number of Mg lines observed 124 I1 --- o_Ca ? Number of Ca lines observed 126 I1 --- o_TiI ? Number of TiI lines observed 128 I1 --- o_TiII ? Number of TiII lines observed 130 I1 --- o_Cr ? Number of Cr lines observed 132 I1 --- o_Mn ? Number of Mn lines observed 134 I1 --- o_FeII ? Number of FeII lines observed 136 I1 --- o_Ni ? Number of Ni lines observed 138-139 I2 --- o_Ba ? Number of Ba lines observed
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table12.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 7 A7 --- Name Object observed in this paper 9- 16 A8 --- ID Literature source 18- 22 F5.2 [Sun] [Fe/H] [-2.7/-1.2] Fe/H abundance 24- 27 F4.2 [Sun] e_[Fe/H] [0.09/0.2] Uncertainty in [Fe/H] 29- 33 F5.2 [Sun] [Mg/Fe] [-0.5/0.8] Mg/Fe abundance 35- 38 F4.2 [Sun] e_[Mg/Fe] Uncertainty in [Mg/H] 40- 43 F4.2 [Sun] [Si/Fe] [0.06/0.9]? Si/Fe abundance 45- 48 F4.2 [Sun] e_[Si/Fe] ? Uncertainty in [Si/H] 50- 54 F5.2 [Sun] [Ca/Fe] [-0.5/0.3] Ca/Fe abundance 56- 59 F4.2 [Sun] e_[Ca/Fe] Uncertainty in [Ca/H] 61- 65 F5.2 [Sun] [Ti/Fe] [-0.2/0.6] Ti/Fe abundance 67- 70 F4.2 [Sun] e_[Ti/Fe] Uncertainty in [Ti/H] 72- 77 F6.3 [Sun] [alpha/Fe] [-0.3/0.3] Alpha-to-iron abundance ratio 79- 83 F5.3 [Sun] e_[alpha/Fe] Uncertainty in [alpha/H]
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table13.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 8 A8 --- ID Object Name 10 I1 --- f_ID ? 1=Insufficient information, too few elements observable 12- 17 A6 --- Type ? Iwamoto type (1) 19- 22 F4.2 --- Frac [0/0.6]? Fraction of Type Ia material involved 24- 28 F5.2 [Sun] <d[Xi/Fe]> [-0.6/0.3]? Mean difference, relative abundances 30- 34 F5.2 [Sun] d[Ba/Fe] [-0.8/0.7]? Difference relative abundance, Ba
Note (1): Iwamoto et al. (1999ApJS..125..439I) Type Ia model admixed in the best-fitting model.
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table14.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 7 A7 --- Name Object name, this paper 9- 16 A8 --- [VSI2012] Venn+ (2012, J/ApJ/751/102) ID 18- 20 A3 --- [MOP93] Shetrone+ (2003AJ....125..684S) ID; <[MOP93] NN> in Simbad 22- 28 A7 --- [LHT2012] Lemasle+ (2012, J/A+A/538/A100) ID 30- 31 I2 h RAh [06] Hour of Right Ascension (J2000) 33- 34 I2 min RAm [40/42] Minute of Right Ascension (J2000) 36- 40 F5.2 s RAs Second of Right Ascension (J2000) 42 A1 --- DE- [-] Sign of the Declination (J2000) 43- 44 I2 deg DEd [50/51] Degree of Declination (J2000) 46- 47 I2 arcmin DEm Arcminute of Declination (J2000) 49- 52 F4.1 arcsec DEs Arcsecond of Declination (J2000)
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table15.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 8 A8 --- ID Object name 10- 17 A8 --- OName Additional object name (1) 19- 23 F5.2 [Sun] <[Fe/H]> [-2.7/-0.6]? Average [Fe/H] abundance 25- 28 F4.2 [Sun] <O> ? Average [O/Fe] abundance 30- 34 F5.2 [Sun] <Na> ? Average [Na/Fe] abundance 36- 40 F5.2 [Sun] <Mg> [-0.9/0.8]? Average [Mg/Fe] abundance 42- 45 F4.2 [Sun] <Si> ? Average [Si/Fe] abundance 47- 51 F5.2 [Sun] <Ca> [-0.6/0.6]? Average [Ca/Fe] abundance 53- 57 F5.2 [Sun] <Sc> ? Average [Sc/Fe] abundance 59- 63 F5.2 [Sun] <Ti> [-0.3/0.9]? Average [Ti/Fe] abundance 65- 69 F5.2 [Sun] <V> ? Average [V/Fe] abundance 71- 75 F5.2 [Sun] <Cr> [-0.7/0.6]? Average [Cr/Fe] abundance 77- 81 F5.2 [Sun] <Mn> [-0.9/0.5]? Average [Mn/Fe] abundance 83- 87 F5.2 [Sun] <FeII> [-0.01/1]? Average [FeII/Fe] abundance 89- 93 F5.2 [Sun] <Co> ? Average [Co/Fe] abundance 95- 99 F5.2 [Sun] <Ni> [-0.4/0.6]? Average [Ni/Fe] abundance 101-105 F5.2 [Sun] <Cu> ? Average [Cu/Fe] abundance 107-111 F5.2 [Sun] <Ba> [-1.1/0.6]? Average [Ba/Fe] abundance 113-116 F4.2 [Sun] <La> ? Average [La/Fe] abundance 118-122 F5.2 [Sun] <Nd> ? Average [Nd/Fe] abundance 124-127 F4.2 [Sun] <Eu> ? Average [Eu/Fe] abundance 129-132 F4.2 [Sun] e_<[Fe/H]> ? Total uncertainty in <[Fe/H]> 134-137 F4.2 [Sun] e_<O> ? Total uncertainty in <[O/Fe]> 139-142 F4.2 [Sun] e_<Na> ? Total uncertainty in <[Na/Fe]> 144-147 F4.2 [Sun] e_<Mg> ? Total uncertainty in <[Mg/Fe]> 149-152 F4.2 [Sun] e_<Si> ? Total uncertainty in <[Si/Fe]> 154-157 F4.2 [Sun] e_<Ca> ? Total uncertainty in <[Ca/Fe]> 159-162 F4.2 [Sun] e_<Sc> ? Total uncertainty in <[Sc/Fe]> 164-167 F4.2 [Sun] e_<Ti> ? Total uncertainty in <[Ti/Fe]> 169-172 F4.2 [Sun] e_<V> ? Total uncertainty in <[V/Fe]> 174-177 F4.2 [Sun] e_<Cr> ? Total uncertainty in <[Cr/Fe]> 179-182 F4.2 [Sun] e_<Mn> ? Total uncertainty in <[Mn/Fe]> 184-187 F4.2 [Sun] e_<FeII> ? Total uncertainty in <[FeII/Fe]> 189-192 F4.2 [Sun] e_<Co> ? Total uncertainty in <[Co/Fe]> 194-197 F4.2 [Sun] e_<Ni> ? Total uncertainty in <[Ni/Fe]> 199-202 F4.2 [Sun] e_<Cu> ? Total uncertainty in <[Cu/Fe]> 204-207 F4.2 [Sun] e_<Ba> ? Total uncertainty in <[Ba/Fe]> 209-212 F4.2 [Sun] e_<La> ? Total uncertainty in <[La/Fe]> 214-217 F4.2 [Sun] e_<Nd> ? Total uncertainty in <[Nd/Fe]> 219-222 F4.2 [Sun] e_<Eu> ? Total uncertainty in <[Eu/Fe]>
Note (1): If an object name is given for OName then two observations were available for the calculation.
Global notes: Note (G1): Homogenized BVI photometry from P.B. Stetson, M. Gullieuszik corrected to be on the Johnson-Kron-Cousins system, following Stetson (2005PASP..117..563S). Note (G2): JHK from ESO VISTA survey photometry from M.J. Irwin, and JHKs data from M. Gullieuszik corrected to be on the 2MASS system.
History: From electronic version of the journal References: Norris et al. Paper I. 2017ApJS..230...27N
(End) Prepared by [AAS], Emmanuelle Perret [CDS] 08-Aug-2017
The document above follows the rules of the Standard Description for Astronomical Catalogues.From this documentation it is possible to generate f77 program to load files into arrays or line by line

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