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J/ApJ/839/12 Gravitational waves search from known PSR with LIGO (Abbott+, 2017)

First search for gravitational waves from known pulsars with Advanced LIGO. Abbott B.P., Abbott R., Abbott T.D., Abernathy M.R., Acernese F., Ackley K., Adams C., Adams T., Addesso P., Adhikari R.X., Adya V.B., Affeldt C., Agathos M., Agatsuma K., Aggarwal N., Aguiar O.D., Aiello L., Ain A., Ajith P., Allen B., Allocca A., Altin P.A., Ananyeva A., Anderson S.B., Anderson W.G., Appert S., Arai K., Araya M.C., Areeda J.S., Arnaud N., Arun K.G., Ascenzi S., Ashton G., Ast M., Aston S.M., Astone P., Aufmuth P., Aulbert C., Avila-Alvarez A., Babak S., Bacon P., Bader M.K.M., Baker P.T., Baldaccini F., Ballardin G., Ballmer S.W., Barayoga J.C., Barclay S.E., Barish B.C., Barker D., Barone F., Barr B., Barsotti L., Barsuglia M., Barta D., Bartlett J., Bartos I., Bassiri R., Basti A., Batch J.C., Baune C., Bavigadda V., Bazzan M., Beer C., Bejger M., Belahcene I., Belgin M., Bell A.S., Berger B.K., Bergmann G., Berry C.P.L., Bersanetti D., Bertolini A., Betzwieser J., Bhagwat S., Bhandare R., Bilenko I.A., Billingsley G., Billman C.R., Birch J., Birney R., Birnholtz O., Biscans S., Bisht A., Bitossi M., Biwer C., Bizouard M.A., Blackburn J.K., Blackman J., Blair C.D., Blair D.G., Blair R.M., Bloemen S., Bock O., Boer M., Bogaert G., Bohe A., Bondu F., Bonnand R., Boom B.A., Bork R., Boschi V., Bose S., Bouffanais Y., Bozzi A., Bradaschia C., Brady P.R., Braginsky V.B., Branchesi M., Brau J.E., Briant T., Brillet A., Brinkmann M., Brisson V., Brockill P., Broida J.E., Brooks A.F., Brown D.A., Brown D.D., Brown N.M., Brunett S., Buchanan C.C., Buikema A., Bulik T., Bulten H.J., Buonanno A., Buskulic D., Buy C., Byer R.L., Cabero M., Cadonati L., Cagnoli G., Cahillane C., Calderon Bustillo J., Callister T.A., Calloni E., Camp J.B., Canepa M., Cannon K.C., Cao H., Cao J., Capano C.D., Capocasa E., Carbognani F., Caride S., Casanueva Diaz J., Casentini C., Caudill S., Cavaglia M., Cavalier F., Cavalieri R., Cella G., Cepeda C.B., Baiardi L.C., Cerretani G., Cesarini E., Chamberlin S.J., Chan M., Chao S., Charlton P., Chassande-Mottin E., Cheeseboro B.D., Chen H.Y., Chen Y., Cheng H.-P., Chincarini A., Chiummo A., Chmiel T., Cho H.S., Cho M., Chow J.H., Christensen N., Chu Q., Chua A.J.K., Chua S., Chung S., Ciani G., Clara F., Clark J.A., Cleva F., Cocchieri C., Coccia E., Cohadon P.-F., Colla A., Collette C.G., Cominsky L., Constancio M., Conti L., Cooper S.J., Corbitt T.R., Cornish N., Corsi A., Cortese S., Costa C.A., Coughlin M.W., Coughlin S.B., Coulon J.-P., Countryman S.T., Couvares P., Covas P.B., Cowan E.E., Coward D.M., Cowart M.J., Coyne D.C., Coyne R., Creighton J.D.E., Creighton T.D., Cripe J., Crowder S.G., Cullen T.J., Cumming A., Cunningham L., Cuoco E., Del Canton T., Danilishin S.L., D'antonio S., Danzmann K., Dasgupta A., Da Silva Costa C.F., Dattilo V., Dave I., Davier M., Davies G.S., Davis D., Daw E.J., Day B., Day R., De S., DeBra D., Debreczeni G., Degallaix J., De Laurentis M., Deleglise S., Del Pozzo W., Denker T., Dent T., Dergachev V., De Rosa R., DeRosa R.T., DeSalvo R., Devenson J., Devine R.C., Dhurandhar S., Diaz M.C., Di Fiore L., Di Giovanni M., Di Girolamo T., Di Lieto A., Di Pace S., Di Palma I., Di Virgilio A., Doctor Z., Dolique V., Donovan F., Dooley K.L., Doravari S., Dorrington I., Douglas R., Dovale Alvarez M., Downes T.P., Drago M., Drever R.W.P., Driggers J.C., Du Z., Ducrot M., Dwyer S.E., Edo T.B., Edwards M.C., Effler A., Eggenstein H.-B., Ehrens P., Eichholz J., Eikenberry S.S., Eisenstein R.A., Essick R.C., Etienne Z., Etzel T., Evans M., Evans T.M., Everett R., Factourovich M., Fafone V., Fair H., Fairhurst S., Fan X., Farinon S., Farr B., Farr W.M., Fauchon-Jones E.J., Favata M., Fays M., Fehrmann H., Fejer M.M., Fernandez Galiana A., Ferrante I., Ferreira E.C., Ferrini F., Fidecaro F., Fiori I., Fiorucci D., Fisher R.P., Flaminio R., Fletcher M., Fong H., Forsyth S.S., Fournier J.-D., Frasca S., Frasconi F., Frei Z., Freise A., Frey R., Frey V., Fries E.M., Fritschel P., Frolov V.V., Fulda P., Fyffe M., Gabbard H., Gadre B.U., Gaebel S.M., Gair J.R., Gammaitoni L., Gaonkar S.G., Garufi F., Gaur G., Gayathri V., Gehrels N., Gemme G., Genin E., Gennai A., George J., Gergely L., Germain V., Ghonge S., Ghosh A., Ghosh A., Ghosh S., Giaime J.A., Giardina K.D., Giazotto A., Gill K., Glaefke A., Goetz E., Goetz R., Gondan L., Gonzalez G., Gonzalez Castro J.M., Gopakumar A., Gorodetsky M.L., Gossan S.E., Gosselin M., Gouaty R., Grado A., Graef C., Granata M., Grant A., Gras S., Gray C., Greco G., Green A.C., Groot P., Grote H., Grunewald S., Guidi G.M., Guo X., Gupta A., Gupta M.K., Gushwa K.E., Gustafson E.K., Gustafson R., Hacker J.J., Hall B.R., Hall E.D., Hammond G., Haney M., Hanke M.M., Hanks J., Hanna C., Hanson J., Hardwick T., Harms J., Harry G.M., Harry I.W., Hart M.J., Hartman M.T., Haster C.-J., Haughian K., Healy J., Heidmann A., Heintze M.C., Heitmann H., Hello P., Hemming G., Hendry M., Heng I.S., Hennig J., Henry J., Heptonstall A.W., Heurs M., Hild S., Hoak D., Hofman D., Holt K., Holz D.E., Hopkins P., Hough J., Houston E.A., Howell E.J., Hu Y.M., Huerta E.A., Huet D., Hughey B., Husa S., Huttner S.H., Huynh-Dinh T., Indik N., Ingram D.R., Inta R., Isa H.N., Isac J.-M., Isi M., Isogai T., Iyer B.R., Izumi K., Jacqmin T., Jani K., Jaranowski P., Jawahar S., Jimenez-Forteza F., Johnson W.W., Jones D.I., Jones R., Jonker R.J.G., Ju L., Junker J., Kalaghatgi C.V., Kalogera V., Kandhasamy S., Kang G., Kanner J.B., Karki S., Karvinen K.S., Kasprzack M., Katsavounidis E., Katzman W., Kaufer S., Kaur T., Kawabe K., Kefelian F., Keitel D., Kelley D.B., Kennedy R., Key J.S., Khalili F.Y., Khan I., Khan S., Khan Z., Khazanov E.A., Kijbunchoo N., Kim C., Kim J.C., Kim W., Kim W., Kim Y.-M., Kimbrell S.J., King E.J., King P.J., Kirchhoff R., Kissel J.S., Klein B., Kleybolte L., Klimenko S., Koch P., Koehlenbeck S.M., Koley S., Kondrashov V., Kontos A., Korobko M., Korth W.Z., Kowalska I., Kozak D.B., Kramer C., Kringel V., Krishnan B., Krolak A., Kuehn G., Kumar P., Kumar R., Kuo L., Kutynia A., Lackey B.D., Landry M., Lang R.N., Lange J., Lantz B., Lanza R.K., Lartaux-Vollard A., Lasky P.D., Laxen M., Lazzarini A., Lazzaro C., Leaci P., Leavey S., Lebigot E.O., Lee C.H., Lee H.K., Lee H.M., Lee K., Lehmann J., Lenon A., Leonardi M., Leong J.R., Leroy N., Letendre N., Levin Y., Li T.G.F., Libson A., Littenberg T.B., Liu J., Lockerbie N.A., Lombardi A.L., London L.T., Lord J.E., Lorenzini M., Loriette V., Lormand M., Losurdo G., Lough J.D., Lousto C.O., Lovelace G., Luck H., Lundgren A.P., Lynch R., Ma Y., Macfoy S., Machenschalk B., MacInnis M., Macleod D.M., Magana-Sandoval F., Majorana E., Maksimovic I., Malvezzi V., Man N., Mandic V., Mangano V., Mansell G.L., Manske M., Mantovani M., Marchesoni F., Marion F., Marka S., Marka Z., Markosyan A.S., Maros E., Martelli F., Martellini L., Martin I.W., Martynov D.V., Mason K., Masserot A., Massinger T.J., Masso-Reid M., Mastrogiovanni S., Matichard F., Matone L., Mavalvala N., Mazumder N., McCarthy R., McClelland D.E., McCormick S., McGrath C., McGuire S.C., McIntyre G., McIver J., McManus D.J., McRae T., McWilliams S.T., Meacher D., Meadors G.D., Meidam J., Melatos A., Mendell G., Mendoza-Gandara D., Mercer R.A., Merilh E.L., Merzougui M., Meshkov S., Messenger C., Messick C., Metzdorff R., Meyers P.M., Mezzani F., Miao H., Michel C., Middleton H., Mikhailov E.E., Milano L., Miller A.L., Miller A., Miller B.B., Miller J., Millhouse M., Minenkov Y., Ming J., Mirshekari S., Mishra C., Mitra S., Mitrofanov V.P., Mitselmakher G., Mittleman R., Moggi A., Mohan M., Mohapatra S.R.P., Montani M., Moore B.C., Moore C.J., Moraru D., Moreno G., Morriss S.R., Mours B., Mow-Lowry C.M., Mueller G., Muir A.W., Mukherjee A., Mukherjee D., Mukherjee S., Mukund N., Mullavey A., Munch J., Muniz E.A.M., Murray P.G., Mytidis A., Napier K., Nardecchia I., Naticchioni L., Nelemans G., Nelson T.J.N., Neri M., Nery M., Neunzert A., Newport J.M., Newton G., Nguyen T.T., Nielsen A.B., Nissanke S., Nitz A., Noack A., Nocera F., Nolting D., Normandin M.E.N., Nuttall L.K., Oberling J., Ochsner E., Oelker E., Ogin G.H., Oh J.J., Oh S.H., Ohme F., Oliver M., Oppermann P., Oram R.J., O'Reilly B., O'Shaughnessy R., Ottaway D.J., Overmier H., Owen B.J., Pace A.E., Page J., Pai A., Pai S.A., Palamos J.R., Palashov O., Palomba C., Pal-Singh A., Pan H., Pankow C., Pannarale F., Pant B.C., Paoletti F., Paoli A., Papa M.A., Paris H.R., Parker W., Pascucci D., Pasqualetti A., Passaquieti R., Passuello D., Patricelli B., Pearlstone B.L., Pedraza M., Pedurand R., Pekowsky L., Pele A., Penn S., Perez C.J., Perreca A., Perri L.M., Pfeiffer H.P., Phelps M., Piccinni O.J., Pichot M., Piergiovanni F., Pierro V., Pillant G., Pinard L., Pinto I.M., Pitkin M., Poe M., Poggiani R., Popolizio P., Post A., Powell J., Prasad J., Pratt J.W.W., Predoi V., Prestegard T., Prijatelj M., Principe M., Privitera S., Prix R., Prodi G.A., Prokhorov L.G., Puncken O., Punturo M., Puppo P., Purrer M., Qi H., Qin J., Qiu S., Quetschke V., Quintero E.A., Quitzow-James R., Raab F.J., Rabeling D.S., Radkins H., Raffai P., Raja S., Rajan C., Rakhmanov M., Rapagnani P., Raymond V., Razzano M., Re V., Read J., Regimbau T., Rei L., Reid S., Reitze D.H., Rew H., Reyes S.D., Rhoades E., Ricci F., Riles K., Rizzo M., Robertson N.A., Robie R., Robinet F., Rocchi A., Rolland L., Rollins J.G., Roma V.J., Romano R., Romie J.H., Rosinska D., Rowan S., Rudiger A., Ruggi P., Ryan K., Sachdev S., Sadecki T., Sadeghian L., Sakellariadou M., Salconi L., Saleem M., Salemi F., Samajdar A., Sammut L., Sampson L.M., Sanchez E.J., Sandberg V., Sanders J.R., Sassolas B., Sathyaprakash B.S., Saulson P.R., Sauter O., Savage R.L., Sawadsky A., Schale P., Scheuer J., Schmidt E., Schmidt J., Schmidt P., Schnabel R., Schofield R.M.S., Schonbeck A., Schreiber E., Schuette D., Schutz B.F., Schwalbe S.G., Scott J., Scott S.M., Sellers D., Sengupta A.S., Sentenac D., Sequino V., Sergeev A., Setyawati Y., Shaddock D.A., Shaffer T.J., Shahriar M.S., Shapiro B., Shawhan P., Sheperd A., Shoemaker D.H., Shoemaker D.M., Siellez K., Siemens X., Sieniawska M., Sigg D., Silva A.D., Singer A., Singer L.P., Singh A., Singh R., Singhal A., Sintes A.M., Slagmolen B.J.J., Smith B., Smith J.R., Smith R.J.E., Son E.J., Sorazu B., Sorrentino F., Souradeep T., Spencer A.P., Srivastava A.K., Staley A., Steinke M., Steinlechner J., Steinlechner S., Steinmeyer D., Stephens B.C., Stevenson S.P., Stone R., Strain K.A., Straniero N., Stratta G., Strigin S.E., Sturani R., Stuver A.L., Summerscales T.Z., Sun L., Sunil S., Sutton P.J., Swinkels B.L., Szczepanczyk M.J., Tacca M., Talukder D., Tanner D.B., Tapai M., Taracchini A., Taylor R., Theeg T., Thomas E.G., Thomas M., Thomas P., Thorne K.A., Thrane E., Tippens T., Tiwari S., Tiwari V., Tokmakov K.V., Toland K., Tomlinson C., Tonelli M., Tornasi Z., Torrie C.I., Toyra D., Travasso F., Traylor G., Trifiro D., Trinastic J., Tringali M.C., Trozzo L., Tse M., Tso R., Turconi M., Tuyenbayev D., Ugolini D., Unnikrishnan C.S., Urban A.L., Usman S.A., Vahlbruch H., Vajente G., Valdes G., van Bakel N., van Beuzekom M., van den Brand J.F.J., Van Den Broeck C., Vander-Hyde D.C., van der Schaaf L., van Heijningen J.V., van Veggel A.A., Vardaro M., Varma V., Vass S., Vasuth M., Vecchio A., Vedovato G., Veitch J., Veitch P.J., Venkateswara K., Venugopalan G., Verkindt D., Vetrano F., Vicere A., Viets A.D., Vinciguerra S., Vine D.J., Vinet J.-Y., Vitale S., Vo T., Vocca H., Vorvick C., Voss D.V., Vousden W.D., Vyatchanin S.P., Wade A.R., Wade L.E., Wade M., Walker M., Wallace L., Walsh S., Wang G., Wang H., Wang M., Wang Y., Ward R.L., Warner J., Was M., Watchi J., Weaver B., Wei L.-W., Weinert M., Weinstein A.J., Weiss R., Wen L., Wessels P., Westphal T., Wette K., Whelan J.T., Whiting B.F., Whittle C., Williams D., Williams R.D., Williamson A.R., Willis J.L., Willke B., Wimmer M.H., Winkler W., Wipf C.C., Wittel H., Woan G., Woehler J., Worden J., Wright J.L., Wu D.S., Wu G., Yam W., Yamamoto H., Yancey C.C., Yap M.J., Yu H., Yu H., Yvert M., Zadrozny A., Zangrando L., Zanolin M., Zendri J.-P., Zevin M., Zhang L., Zhang M., Zhang T., Zhang Y., Zhao C., Zhou M., Zhou Z., Zhu S.J., Zhu X.J., Zucker M.E., Zweizig J., Buchner S., Cognard I., Corongiu A., Freire P.C.C., Guillemot L., Hobbs G.B., Kerr M., Lyne A.G., Possenti A., Ridolfi A., Shannon R.M., Stappers B.W., Weltevrede P., (The LIGO Scientific Collaboration), (The Virgo Collaboration) <Astrophys. J., 839, 12-12 (2017)> =2017ApJ...839...12A (SIMBAD/NED BibCode)
ADC_Keywords: Pulsars ; Stars, distances Keywords: gravitational waves; pulsars: general Abstract: We present the result of searches for gravitational waves from 200 pulsars using data from the first observing run of the Advanced LIGO detectors. We find no significant evidence for a gravitational-wave signal from any of these pulsars, but we are able to set the most constraining upper limits yet on their gravitational-wave amplitudes and ellipticities. For eight of these pulsars, our upper limits give bounds that are improvements over the indirect spin-down limit values. For another 32, we are within a factor of 10 of the spin-down limit, and it is likely that some of these will be reachable in future runs of the advanced detector. Taken as a whole, these new results improve on previous limits by more than a factor of two. Description: We have obtained timings for 200 known pulsars. Timing was performed using the 42ft telescope and Lovell telescope at Jodrell Bank (UK), the 26m telescope at Hartebeesthoek (South Africa), the Parkes radio telescope (Australia), the Nancay Decimetric Radio Telescope (France), the Arecibo Observatory (Puerto Rico) and the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT). Of these, 122 have been targeted in previous campaigns (Aasi+ 2014, J/ApJ/785/119), while 78 are new to this search. File Summary:
FileName Lrecl Records Explanations
ReadMe 80 . This file table4.dat 80 190 Limits on the gravitational wave amplitude, and other derived quantities, for known pulsars
See also: B/psr : ATNF Pulsar Catalogue (Manchester+, 2005) VII/267 : Gravitational Wave Galaxy Catalogue (White+ 2011) J/ApJ/602/264 : Proper motions and radial velocities in M15 (McNamara+, 2004) J/AJ/133/1287 : JHK photom. of 24 Galactic globular clusters (Valenti+, 2007) J/ApJ/713/671 : Gravitational waves from pulsars (Abbott+, 2010) J/ApJS/208/17 : 2nd Fermi LAT cat. of gamma-ray pulsars (2PC) (Abdo+, 2013) J/ApJ/785/119 : Gravitational waves from known pulsars (Aasi+, 2014) Byte-by-byte Description of file: table4.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 12 A12 --- PSR Pulsar's name (JHHMM+DDMMAA) 14- 20 F7.2 Hz Freq [18/1284] Gravitational wave frequency 22- 25 F4.1 kpc Dist [0.2/30] Distance to the pulsar (1) 27- 34 F8.6 10-25 H0SD [/6.2] Spin-down limit on gravitational wave amplitude 36- 40 F5.2 10-25 H095 [0.1/18] Observed 95% credible upper limit on gravitational wave amplitude 42- 50 F9.2 10-7 Ell [0.1/800000] Derived upper limit on the pulsar's ellipticity 52- 61 F10.3 10+31kg.m2 Q22 [0.09/620000] Derived upper limit on the pulsar's l=m=2 mode mass quadrupole moment 63- 68 F6.1 --- SDR [1.4/8000] Ratio H095/H0SD (2) 70- 73 F4.1 [-] logOS/N [-1.7/12.4] Odds data signal or noise (3) 75- 78 F4.1 [-] logOS/I [-5.5/1] Odds data signal or incoherent (3) 80 A1 --- Note Footnote (4)
Note (1): The following pulsars use distance estimates that are not taken from the values given in the ATNF pulsar catalog: PSR J1017-7156 = updated parallax distance provided by R. M. Shannon 2016, private communication, PSR J1418-6058 = distance to more distant association in Yadigaroglu & Romani 1997ApJ...476..347Y PSR J1813-1246 = lower limit on distance from Marelli+ 2014ApJ...795..168M PSR J1823-3021A = distance for NGC 6624 in Valenti+ 2007, J/AJ/133/1287 PSR J1824-2452A = distance for M28 in Rees & Cudworth 1991AJ....102..152R PSR J1826-1256 = lower distance range from Wang 2011RAA....11..824W ; Voisin+ 2016MNRAS.458.2813V PSRs J1910-5959A, C, and D = distances of 4.45kpc calculated from the distance modulus to NGC 6752 in Table 4 of Gratton+ 2003A&A...408..529G PSR J2129+1210C = McNamara+ 2004, J/ApJ/602/264 PSR J2234+06 = P. C. C. Freire 2016, private communication. Note (2): Ratio of the spin-down limit to the observed 95% upper limit on the gravitational wave amplitude. Note (3): Base-10 logarithm odds given as: logOS/N = odds between the data containing a coherent gravitational wave signal in both detectors or Gaussian noise; logOS/I = odds between the data containing a coherent gravitational wave signal in both detectors or an incoherent signal. Note (4): Footnote as follows: a = the pulsar's spin-down has been corrected for proper motion effects; b = the pulsar's spin-down has been calculated assuming a characteristic age of 10+9 years and a braking index of 5; c = means that this result uses restricted priors on the source orientation and polarisation angle.
History: From electronic version of the journal
(End) Prepared by [AAS], Emmanuelle Perret [CDS] 07-Nov-2017
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