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J/ApJ/785/119       Gravitational waves from known pulsars         (Aasi+, 2014)

Gravitational waves from known pulsars: results from the initial detector era. Aasi J., Abadie J., Abbott B.P., Abbott R., Abbott T., Abernathy M.R., Accadia T., Acernese F., Adams C., Adams T., Adhikari R.X., Affeldt C., Agathos M., Aggarwal N., Aguiar O.D., Ajith P., Allen B., Allocca A., Ceron E.A., Amariutei D., Anderson R.A., Anderson S.B., Anderson W.G., Arai K., Araya M.C., Arceneaux C., Areeda J., Ast S., Aston S.M., Astone P., Aufmuth P., Aulbert C., Austin L., Aylott B.E., Babak S., Baker P.T., Ballardin G., Ballmer S.W., Barayoga J.C., Barker D., Barnum S.H., Barone F., Barr B., Barsotti L., Barsuglia M., Barton M.A., Bartos I., Bassiri R., Basti A., Batch J., Bauchrowitz J., Bauer TH.S., Bebronne M., Behnke B., Bejger M., Beker M.G., Bell A.S., Bell C., Belopolski I., Bergmann G., Berliner J.M., Bersanetti D., Bertolini A., Bessis D., Betzwieser J., Beyersdorf P.T., Bhadbhade T., Bilenko I.A., Billingsley G., Birch J., Bitossi M., Bizouard M.A., Black E., Blackburn J.K., Blackburn L., Blair D., Blom M., Bock O., Bodiya T.P., Boer M., Bogan C., Bond C., Bondu F., Bonelli L., Bonnand R., Bork R., Born M., Boschi V., Bose S., Bosi L., Bowers J., Bradaschia C., Brady P.R., Braginsky V.B., Branchesi M., Brannen C.A., Brau J.E., Breyer J., Briant T., Bridges D.O., Brillet A., Brinkmann M., Brisson V., Britzger M., Brooks A.F., Brown D.A., Brown D.D., Bruckner F., Bulik T., Bulten H.J., Buonanno A., Buskulic D., Buy C., Byer R.L., Cadonati L., Cagnoli G., Calderon Bustillo J., Calloni E., Camp J.B., Campsie P., Cannon K.C., Canuel B., Cao J., Capano C.D., Carbognani F., Carbone L., Caride S., Castiglia A., Caudill S., Cavaglia M., Cavalier F., Cavalieri R., Cella G., Cepeda C., Cesarini E., Chakraborty R., Chalermsongsak T., Chao S., Charlton P., Chassande-Mottin E., Chen X., Chen Y., Chincarini A., Chiummo A., Cho H.S., Chow J., Christensen N., Chu Q., Chua S.S.Y., Chung S., Ciani G., Clara F., Clark D.E., Clark J.A., Cleva F., Coccia E., Cohadon P.-F., Colla A., Colombini M., Constancio M.JR, Conte A., Conte R., Cook D., Corbitt T.R., Cordier M., Cornish N., Corsi A., Costa C.A., Coughlin M.W., Coulon J.-P., Countryman S., Couvares P., Coward D.M., Cowart M., Coyne D.C., Craig K., Creighton J.D.E., Creighton T.D., Crowder S.G., Cumming A., Cunningham L., Cuoco E., Dahl K., Dal Canton T., Damjanic M., Danilishin S.L., D'Antonio S., Danzmann K., Dattilo V., Daudert B., Daveloza H., Davier M., Davies G.S., Daw E.J., Day R., Dayanga T., De Rosa R., Debreczeni G., Degallaix J., Del Pozzo W., Deleeuw E., Deleglise S., Denker T., Dent T., Dereli H., Dergachev V., Derosa R., Desalvo R., Dhurandhar S., Di Fiore L., Di Lieto A., Di Palma I., Di Virgilio A., Diaz M., Dietz A., Dmitry K., Donovan F., Dooley K.L., Doravari S., Drago M., Drever R.W.P., Driggers J.C., Du Z., Dumas J.-C., Dwyer S., Eberle T., Edwards M., Effler A., Ehrens P., Eichholz J., Eikenberry S.S., Endroczi G., Essick R., Etzel T., Evans K., Evans M., Evans T., Factourovich M., Fafone V., Fairhurst S., Fang Q., Farinon S., Farr B., Farr W., Favata M., Fazi D., Fehrmann H., Feldbaum D., Ferrante I., Ferrini F., Fidecaro F., Finn L.S., Fiori I., Fisher R., Flaminio R., Foley E., Foley S., Forsi E., Fotopoulos N., Fournier J.-D., Franco S., Frasca S., Frasconi F., Frede M., Frei M., Frei Z., Freise A., Frey R., Fricke T.T., Fritschel P., Frolov V.V., Fujimoto M.-K., Fulda P., Fyffe M., Gair J., Gammaitoni L., Garcia J., Garufi F., Gehrels N., Gemme G., Genin E., Gennai A., Gergely L., Ghosh S., Giaime J.A., Giampanis S., Giardina K.D., Giazotto A., Gil-Casanova S., Gill C., Gleason J., Goetz E., Goetz R., Gondan L., Gonzalez G., Gordon N., Gorodetsky M.L., Gossan S., Gossler S., Gouaty R., Graef C., Graff P.B., Granata M., Grant A., Gras S., Gray C., Greenhalgh R.J.S., Gretarsson A.M., Griffo C., Groot P., Grote H., Grover K., Grunewald S., Guidi G.M., Guido C., Gushwa K.E., Gustafson E.K., Gustafson R., Hall B., Hall E., Hammer D., Hammond G., Hanke M., Hanks J., Hanna C., Hanson J., Harms J., Harry G.M., Harry I.W., Harstad E.D., Hartman M.T., Haughian K., Hayama K., Heefner J., Heidmann A., Heintze M., Heitmann H., Hello P., Hemming G., Hendry M., Heng I.S., Heptonstall A.W., Heurs M., Hild S., Hoak D., Hodge K.A., Holt K., Holtrop M., Hong T., Hooper S., Horrom T., Hosken D.J., Hough J., Howell E.J., Hu Y., Hua Z., Huang V., Huerta E.A., Hughey B., Husa S., Huttner S.H., Huynh M., Huynh-Dinh T., Iafrate J., Ingram D.R., Inta R., Isogai T., Ivanov A., Iyer B.R., Izumi K., Jacobson M., James E., Jang H., Jang Y.J., Jaranowski P., Jimenez-Forteza F., Johnson W.W., Jones D., Jones D.I., Jones R., Jonker R.J.G., Ju L., K H., Kalmus P., Kalogera V., Kandhasamy S., Kang G., Kanner J.B., Kasprzack M., Kasturi R., Katsavounidis E., Katzman W., Kaufer H., Kaufman K., Kawabe K., Kawamura S., Kawazoe F., Kefelian F., Keitel D., Kelley D.B., Kells W., Keppel D.G., Khalaidovski A., Khalili F.Y., Khazanov E.A., Kim B.K., Kim C., Kim K., Kim N., Kim W., Kim Y.-M., King E.J., King P.J., Kinzel D.L., Kissel J.S., Klimenko S., Kline J., Koehlenbeck S., Kokeyama K., Kondrashov V., Koranda S., Korth W.Z., Kowalska I., Kozak D., Kremin A., Kringel V., Krishnan B., Krolak A., Kucharczyk C., Kudla S., Kuehn G., Kumar A., Kumar P., Kumar R., Kurdyumov R., Kwee P., Landry M., Lantz B., Larson S., Lasky P.D., Lawrie C., Lazzarini A., Le Roux A., Leaci P., Lebigot E.O., Lee C.-H., Lee H.K., Lee H.M., Lee J., Leonardi M., Leong J.R., Leroy N., Letendre N., Levine B., Lewis J.B., Lhuillier V., Li T.G.F., Lin A.C., Littenberg T.B., Litvine V., Liu F., Liu H., Liu Y., Liu Z., Lloyd D., Lockerbie N.A., Lockett V., Lodhia D., Loew K., Logue J., Lombardi A.L., Lorenzini M., Loriette V., Lormand M., Losurdo G., Lough J., Luan J., Lubinski M.J., Luck H., Lundgren A.P., Macarthur J., Macdonald E., Machenschalk B., Macinnis M., Macleod D.M., Magana-sandoval F., Mageswaran M., Mailand K., Majorana E., Maksimovic I., Malvezzi V., Man N., Manca G.M., Mandel I., Mandic V., Mangano V., Mantovani M., Marchesoni F., Marion F., Marka S., Marka Z., Markosyan A., Maros E., Marque J., Martelli F., Martin I.W., Martin R.M., Martinelli L., Martynov D., Marx J.N., Mason K., Masserot A., Massinger T.J., Matichard F., Matone L., Matzner R.A., Mavalvala N., May G., Mazumder N., Mazzolo G., McCarthy R., McClelland D.E., McGuire S.C., McIntyre G., McIver J., Meacher D., Meadors G.D., Mehmet M., Meidam J., Meier T., Melatos A., Mendell G., Mercer R.A., Meshkov S., Messenger C., Meyer M.S., Miao H., Michel C., Mikhailov E.E., Milano L., Miller J., Minenkov Y., Mingarelli C.M.F., Mitra S., Mitrofanov V.P., Mitselmakher G., Mittleman R., Moe B., Mohan M., Mohapatra S.R.P., Mokler F., Moraru D., Moreno G., Morgado N., Mori T., Morriss S.R., Mossavi K., Mours B., Mow-Lowry C.M., Mueller C.L., Mueller G., Mukherjee S., Mullavey A., Munch J., Murphy D., Murray P.G., Mytidis A., Nagy M.F., Nanda Kumar D., Nardecchia I., Nash T., Naticchioni L., Nayak R., Necula V., Nelemans G., Neri I., Neri M., Newton G., Nguyen T., Nishida E., Nishizawa A., Nitz A., Nocera F., Nolting D., Normandin M.E., Nuttall L.K., Ochsner E., O'Dell J., Oelker E., Ogin G.H., Oh J.J., Oh S.H., Ohme F., Oppermann P., O'Reilly B., Ortega Larcher W., O'Shaughnessy R., Osthelder C., Ottaway D.J., Ottens R.S., Ou J., Overmier H., Owen B.J., Padilla C., Pai A., Palomba C., Pan Y., Pankow C., Paoletti F., Paoletti R., Papa M.A., Paris H., Pasqualetti A., Passaquieti R., Passuello D., Pedraza M., Peiris P., Penn S., Perreca A., Phelps M., Pichot M., Pickenpack M., Piergiovanni F., Pierro V., Pinard L., Pindor B., Pinto I.M., Pitkin M., Poeld J., Poggiani R., Poole V., Poux C., Predoi V., Prestegard T., Price L.R., Prijatelj M., Principe M., Privitera S., Prix R., Prodi G.A., Prokhorov L., Puncken O., Punturo M., Puppo P., Quetschke V., Quintero E., Quitzow-James R., Raab F.J., Rabeling D.S., Racz I., Radkins H., Raffai P., Raja S., Rajalakshmi G., Rakhmanov M., Ramet C., Rapagnani P., Raymond V., Re V., Reed C.M., Reed T., Regimbau T., Reid S., Reitze D.H., Ricci F., Riesen R., Riles K., Robertson N.A., Robinet F., Rocchi A., Roddy S., Rodriguez C., Rodruck M., Roever C., Rolland L., Rollins J.G., Romano J.D., Romano R., Romanov G., Romie J.H., Rosinska D., Rowan S., Rudiger A., Ruggi P., Ryan K., Salemi F., Sammut L., Sandberg V., Sanders J., Sannibale V., Santiago-Prieto I., Saracco E., Sassolas B., Sathyaprakash B.S., Saulson P.R., Savage R., Schilling R., Schnabel R., Schofield R.M.S., Schreiber E., Schuette D., Schulz B., Schutz B.F., Schwinberg P., Scott J., Scott S.M., Seifert F., Sellers D., Sengupta A.S., Sentenac D., Sergeev A., Shaddock D., Shah S., Shahriar M.S., Shaltev M., Shapiro B., Shawhan P., Shoemaker D.H., Sidery T.L., Siellez K., Siemens X., Sigg D., Simakov D., Singer A., Singer L., Sintes A.M., Skelton G.R., Slagmolen B.J.J., Slutsky J., Smith J.R., Smith M.R., Smith R.J.E., Smith-Lefebvre N.D., Soden K., Son E.J., Sorazu B., Souradeep T., Sperandio L., Staley A., Steinert E., Steinlechner J., Steinlechner S., Steplewski S., Stevens D., Stochino A., Stone R., Strain K.A., Straniero N., Strigin S., Stroeer A.S., Sturani R., Stuver A.L., Summerscales T.Z., Susmithan S., Sutton P.J., Swinkels B., Szeifert G., Tacca M., Talukder D., Tang L., Tanner D.B., Tarabrin S.P., Taylor R., Ter Braack A.P.M., Thirugnanasambandam M.P., Thomas M., Thomas P., Thorne K.A., Thorne K.S., Thrane E., Tiwari V., Tokmakov K.V., Tomlinson C., Toncelli A., Tonelli M., Torre O., Torres C.V., Torrie C.I., Travasso F., Traylor G., Tse M., Ugolini D., Unnikrishnan C.S., Vahlbruch H., Vajente G., Vallisneri M., van den Brand J.F.J., Van Den Broeck C., van der Putten S., van der Sluys M.V., van Heijningen J., van Veggel A.A., Vass S., Vasuth M., Vaulin R., Vecchio A., Vedovato G., Veitch J., Veitch P.J., Venkateswara K., Verkindt D., Verma S., Vetrano F., Vicere A., Vincent-Finley R., Vinet J.-Y., Vitale S., Vlcek B., Vo T., Vocca H., Vorvick C., Vousden W.D., Vrinceanu D., Vyachanin S.P., Wade A., Wade L., Wade M., Waldman S.J., Walker M., Wallace L., Wan Y., Wang J., Wang M., Wang X., Wanner A., Ward R.L., Was M., Weaver B., Wei L.-W., Weinert M., Weinstein A.J., Weiss R., Welborn T., Wen L., Wessels P., West M., Westphal T., Wette K., Whelan J.T., Whitcomb S.E., White D.J., Whiting B.F., Wibowo S., Wiesner K., Wilkinson C., Williams L., Williams R., Williams T., Willis J.L., Willke B., Wimmer M., Winkelmann L., Winkler W., Wipf C.C., Wittel H., Woan G., Worden J., Yablon J., Yakushin I., Yamamoto H., Yancey C.C., Yang H., Yeaton-Massey D., Yoshida S., Yum H., Yvert M., Zadrozny A., Zanolin M., Zendri J.-P., Zhang F., Zhang L., Zhao C., Zhu H., Zhu X.J., Zotov N., Zucker M.E., Zweizig J., Buchner S., Cognard I., Corongiu A., D'Amico N., Espinoza C.M., Freire P.C.C., Gotthelf E.V., Guillemot L., Hessels J.W.T., Hobbs G.B., Kramer M., Lyne A.G., Marshall F.E., Possenti A., Ransom S.M., Ray P.S., Roy J., Stappers B.W., (the Virgo Collaboration), (the LIGO Scientific Collaboration) <Astrophys. J., 785, 119 (2014)> =2014ApJ...785..119A (SIMBAD/NED BibCode)
ADC_Keywords: Pulsars ; Stars, distances Keywords: gravitational waves - pulsars: general Abstract: We present the results of searches for gravitational waves from a large selection of pulsars using data from the most recent science runs (S6, VSR2 and VSR4) of the initial generation of interferometric gravitational wave detectors LIGO (Laser Interferometric Gravitational-wave Observatory) and Virgo. We do not see evidence for gravitational wave emission from any of the targeted sources but produce upper limits on the emission amplitude. We highlight the results from seven young pulsars with large spin-down luminosities. We reach within a factor of five of the canonical spin-down limit for all seven of these, whilst for the Crab and Vela pulsars we further surpass their spin-down limits. We present new or updated limits for 172 other pulsars (including both young and millisecond pulsars). Now that the detectors are undergoing major upgrades, and, for completeness, we bring together all of the most up-to-date results from all pulsars searched for during the operations of the first-generation LIGO, Virgo and GEO600 detectors. This gives a total of 195 pulsars including the most recent results described in this paper. Description: In this paper we have used calibrated data from the Virgo second (Aasi et al. 2012CQGra..29o5002A) and fourth science runs (VSR2 and VSR4) and the LIGO sixth science run (S6). Virgo's third science run (VSR3) was relatively insensitive in comparison with VSR4 and has not been included in this analysis. This was partially because Virgo introduced monolithic mirror suspensions prior to VSR4 which improved sensitivity in the low-frequency range. During S6, the two LIGO 4 km detectors at Hanford, Washington (LHO/H1), and Livingston, Louisiana (LLO/L1), were running in an enhanced configuration (Adhikari et al. 2006, Enhanced LIGO, Tech. Rep. LIGO-T060156-v01, California Institute of Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, https://dcc.ligo.org/LIGO-T060156-v1/public) over that from the previous S5 run (Abbott et al. 2009RPPh...72g6901A). File Summary:
FileName Lrecl Records Explanations
ReadMe 80 . This file table7.dat 92 169 Limits on the Gravitational Wave Amplitude for Known Pulsars with fgw>40 Hz
See also: VII/189 : Catalog of Pulsars (Taylor+ 1995) J/ApJ/713/671 : Gravitational waves from pulsars (Abbott+, 2010) Byte-by-byte Description of file: table7.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 12 A12 --- ID Pulsar identifier (PSR JHHMM+DDMMA in Simbad) 14 A1 --- n_ID [defg] Note on ID (1) 16- 21 F6.2 Hz frot Rotational frequency 23- 29 F7.2 Hz fgw Gravitational wave low-frequency 31- 38 E8.2 Hz/s Frot Rotational frequency derivative 40- 42 F3.1 kpc Dist Distance to the source 44 A1 --- n_Dist [c] Note on Dist (2) 46- 52 E7.2 --- hsd Spin-down gravitational wave amplitude limit 54 A1 --- n_hsd [ab] Note on hsd (3) 56- 62 E7.2 --- Priorh95 ? The prior 95% upper limit on the gravitational wave amplitude 64- 70 E7.2 --- S6/VSR24-h95 ? The 95% upper limit on the gravitational wave amplitude from S6/VSR2,4 72- 77 E6.2 --- epsilon Fiducial equatorial ellipticity 79- 85 E7.3 kg/m2 Q22 Mass quadrupole moment 87- 92 F6.1 --- h0 Ratio of the limit to the spin-down limit
Note (1): Note as follows: d = Recently discovered pulsar with timing solution from after the end of S6 or VSR4. As this is an MSP the timing solution should extrapolate back well over the search period and it is unlikely that any glitches occurred; e = Results from S3/S4 (Abbott et al. 2007PhRvD..76d2001A); f = Results from S5 (Abbott et al. 2010, J/ApJ/713/671); g = New result from S5 using data covering 2006. Note (2): Note as follows: c = The pulsar's distance is calculated using the NE2001 model of Cordes & Lazio (2002, arXiv:astro-ph/0207156). Note (3): Note as follows: a = The pulsar's spin-down is corrected for proper motion effects; b = The pulsar's spin-down is calculated using a characteristic spin-down age of 109 yr.
History: From electronic version of the journal
(End) Prepared by Tiphaine Pouvreau [CDS] 06-Jun-2017
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