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J/ApJ/713/671          Gravitational waves from pulsars          (Abbott+, 2010)

Searches for gravitational waves from known pulsars with science run 5 LIGO data. Abbott B.P., Abbott R., Acernese F., Adhikari R., Ajith P., Allen B., Allen G., Alshourbagy M., Amin R.S., Anderson S.B., Anderson W.G., Antonucci F., Aoudia S., Arain M.A., Araya M., Armandula H., Armor P., Arun K.G., Aso Y., Aston S., Astone P., Aufmuth P., Aulbert C., Babak S., Baker P., Ballardin G., Ballmer S., Barker C., Barker D., Barone F., Barr B., Barriga P., Barsotti L., Barsuglia M., Barton M.A., Bartos I., Bassiri R., Bastarrika M., Bauer TH.S., Behnke B., Beker M., Benacquista M., Betzwieser J., Beyersdorf P.T., Bigotta S., Bilenko I.A., Billingsley G., Birindelli S., Biswas R., Bizouard M.A., Black E., Blackburn J.K., Blackburn L., Blair D., Bland B., Boccara C., Bodiya T.P., Bogue L., Bondu F., Bonelli L., Bork R., Boschi V., Bose S., Bosi L., Braccini S., Bradaschia C., Brady P.R., Braginsky V.B., Brau J.E., Bridges D.O., Brillet A., Brinkmann M., Brisson V., Van Den Broeck C., Brooks A.F., Brown D.A., Brummit A., Brunet G., Budzynski R., Bulik T., Bullington A., Bulten H.J., Buonanno A., Burmeister O., Buskulic D., Byer R.L., Cadonati L., Cagnoli G., Calloni E., Camp J.B., Campagna E., Cannizzo J., Cannon K.C., Canuel B., Cao J., Carbognani F., Cardenas L., Caride S., Castaldi G., Caudill S., Cavaglia M., Cavalier F., Cavalieri R., Cella G., Cepeda C., Cesarini E., Chalermsongsak T., Chalkley E., Charlton P., Chassande-Mottin E., Chatterji S., Chelkowski S., Chen Y., Chincarini A., Christensen N., Chung C.T.Y., Clark D., Clark J., Clayton J.H., Cleva F., Coccia E., Cokelaer T., Colacino C.N., Colas J., Colla A., Colombini M., Conte R., Cook D., Corbitt T.R.C., Corda C., Cornish N., Corsi A., Coulon J.-P., Coward D., Coyne D.C., Creighton J.D.E., Creighton T.D., Cruise A.M., Culter R.M., Cumming A., Cunningham L., Cuoco E., Danilishin S.L., D'Antonio S., Danzmann K., Dari A., Dattilo V., Daudert B., Davier M., Davies G., Daw E.J., Day R., De Rosa R., DeBra D., Degallaix J., del Prete M., Dergachev V., Desai S., DeSalvo R., Dhurandhar S., Di Fiore L., Di Lieto A., Di Paolo Emilio M., Di Virgilio A., Diaz M., Dietz A., Donovan F., Dooley K.L., Doomes E.E., Drago M., Drever R.W.P., Dueck J., Duke I., Dumas J.-C., Dwyer J.G., Echols C., Edgar M., Effler A., Ehrens P., Espinoza E., Etzel T., Evans M., Evans T., Fafone V., Fairhurst S., Faltas Y., Fan Y., Fazi D., Fehrmann H., Ferrante I., Fidecaro F., Finn L.S., Fiori I., Flaminio R., Flasch K., Foley S., Forrest C., Fotopoulos N., Fournier J.-D., Franc J., Franzen A., Frasca S., Frasconi F., Frede M., Frei M., Frei Z., Freise A., Frey R., Fricke T., Fritschel P., Frolov V.V., Fyffe M., Galdi V., Gammaitoni L., Garofoli J.A., Garufi F., Gemme G., Genin E., Gennai A., Gholami I., Giaime J.A., Giampanis S., Giardina K.D., Giazotto A., Goda K., Goetz E., Goggin L.M., Gonzalez G., Gorodetsky M.L., Gossler S., Gouaty R., Granata M., Granata V., Grant A., Gras S., Gray C., Gray M., Greenhalgh R.J.S., Gretarsson A.M., Greverie C., Grimaldi F., Grosso R., Grote H., Grunewald S., Guenther M., Guidi G., Gustafson E.K., Gustafson R., Hage B., Hallam J.M., Hammer D., Hammond G.D., Hanna C., Hanson J., Harms J., Harry G.M., Harry I.W., Harstad E.D., Haughian K., Hayama K., Heefner J., Heitmann H., Hello P., Heng I.S., Heptonstall A., Hewitson M., Hild S., Hirose E., Hoak D., Hodge K.A., Holt K., Hosken D.J., Hough J., Hoyland D., Huet D., Hughey B., Huttner S.H., Ingram D.R., Isogai T., Ito M., Ivanov A., Jaranowski P., Johnson B., Johnson W.W., Jones D.I., Jones G., Jones R., Sancho de la Jordana L., Ju L., Kalmus P., Kalogera V., Kandhasamy S., Kanner J., Kasprzyk D., Katsavounidis E., Kawabe K., Kawamura S., Kawazoe F., Kells W., Keppel D.G., Khalaidovski A., Khalili F.Y., Khan R., Khazanov E., King P., Kissel J.S., Klimenko S., Kokeyama K., Kondrashov V., Kopparapu R., Koranda S., Kowalska I., Kozak D., Krishnan B., Krolak A., Kumar R., Kwee P., La Penna P., Lam P.K., Landry M., Lantz B., Lazzarini A., Lei H., Lei M., Leindecker N., Leonor I., Leroy N., Letendre N., Li C., Lin H., Lindquist P.E., Littenberg T.B., Lockerbie N.A., Lodhia D., Longo M., Lorenzini M., Loriette V., Lormand M., Losurdo G., Lu P., Lubinski M., Lucianetti A., Luck H., Machenschalk B., MacInnis M., Mackowski J.-M., Mageswaran M., Mailand K., Majorana E., Man N., Mandel I., Mandic V., Mantovani M., Marchesoni F., Marion F., Marka S., Marka Z., Markosyan A., Markowitz J., Maros E., Marque J., Martelli F., Martin I.W., Martin R.M., Marx J.N., Mason K., Masserot A., Matichard F., Matone L., Matzner R.A., Mavalvala N., McCarthy R., McClelland D.E., McGuire S.C., McHugh M., McIntyre G., McKechan D.J.A., McKenzie K., Mehmet M., Melatos A., Melissinos A.C., Mendell G., Menendez D.F., Menzinger F., Mercer R.A., Meshkov S., Messenger C., Meyer M.S., Michel C., Milano L., Miller J., Minelli J., Minenkov Y., Mino Y., Mitrofanov V.P., Mitselmakher G., Mittleman R., Miyakawa O., Moe B., Mohan M., Mohanty S.D., Mohapatra S.R.P., Moreau J., Moreno G., Morgado N., Morgia A., Morioka T., Mors K., Mosca S., Moscatelli V., Mossavi K., Mours B., Mowlowry C., Mueller G., Muhammad D., zur Muhlen H., Mukherjee S., Mukhopadhyay H., Mullavey A., Muller-Ebhardt H., Munch J., Murray P.G., Myers E., Myers J., Nash T., Nelson J., Neri I., Newton G., Nishizawa A., Nocera F., Numata K., Ochsner E., O'Dell J., Ogin G.H., O'Reilly B., O'Shaughnessy R., Ottaway D.J., Ottens R.S., Overmier H., Owen B.J., Pagliaroli G., Palomba C., Pan Y., Pankow C., Paoletti F., Papa M.A., Parameshwaraiah V., Pardi S., Pasqualetti A., Passaquieti R., Passuello D., Patel P., Pedraza M., Penn S., Perreca A., Persichetti G., Pichot M., Piergiovanni F., Pierro V., Pietka M., Pinard L., Pinto I.M., Pitkin M., Pletsch H.J., Plissi M.V., Poggiani R., Postiglione F., Prato M., Principe M., Prix R., Prodi G.A., Prokhorov L., Puncken O., Punturo M., Puppo P., Quetschke V., Raab F.J., Rabaste O., Rabeling D.S., Radkins H., Raffai P., Raics Z., Rainer N., Rakhmanov M., Rapagnani P., Raymond V., Re V., Reed C.M., Reed T., Regimbau T., Rehbein H., Reid S., Reitze D.H., Ricci F., Riesen R., Riles K., Rivera B., Roberts P., Robertson N.A., Robinet F., Robinson C., Robinson E.L., Rocchi A., Roddy S., Rolland L., Rollins J., Romano J.D., Romano R., Romie J.H., Rosinska D., Rover C., Rowan S., Rudiger A., Ruggi P., Russell P., Ryan K., Sakata S., Salemi F., Sandberg V., Sannibale V., Santamaria L., Saraf S., Sarin P., Sassolas B., Sathyaprakash B.S., Sato S., Satterthwaite M., Saulson P.R., Savage R., Savov P., Scanlan M., Schilling R., Schnabel R., Schofield R., Schulz B., Schutz B.F., Schwinberg P., Scott J., Scott S.M., Searle A.C., Sears B., Seifert F., Sellers D., Sengupta A.S., Sentenac D., Sergeev A., Shapiro B., Shawhan P., Shoemaker D.H., Sibley A., Siemens X., Sigg D., Sinha S., Sintes A.M., Slagmolen B.J.J., Slutsky J., van der Sluys M.V., Smith J.R., Smith M.R., Smith N.D., Somiya K., Sorazu B., Stein A., Stein L.C., Steplewski S., Stochino A., Stone R., Strain K.A., Strigin S., Stroeer A., Sturani R., Stuver A.L., Summerscales T.Z., Sun K.-X., Sung M., Sutton P.J., Swinkels B., Szokoly G.P., Talukder D., Tang L., Tanner D.B., Tarabrin S.P., Taylor J.R., Taylor R., Terenzi R., Thacker J., Thorne K.A., Thorne K.S., Thuring A., Tokmakov K.V., Toncelli A., Tonelli M., Torres C., Torrie C., Tournefier E., Travasso F., Traylor G., Trias M., Trummer J., Ugolini D., Ulmen J., Urbanek K., Vahlbruch H., Vajente G., Vallisneri M., van den Brand J.F.J., van der Putten S., Vass S., Vaulin R., Vavoulidis M., Vecchio A., Vedovato G., van Veggel A.A., Veitch J., Veitch P., Veltkamp C., Verkindt D., Vetrano F., Vicere A., Villar A., Vinet J.-Y., Vocca H., Vorvick C., Vyachanin S.P., Waldman S.J., Wallace L., Ward R.L., Was M., Weidner A., Weinert M., Weinstein A.J., Weiss R., Wen L., Wen S., Wette K., Whelan J.T., Whitcomb S.E., Whiting B.F., Wilkinson C., Willems P.A., Williams H.R., Williams L., Willke B., Wilmut I., Winkelmann L., Winkler W., Wipf C.C., Wiseman A.G., Woan G., Wooley R., Worden J., Wu W., Yakushin I., Yamamoto H., Yan Z., Yoshida S., Yvert M., Zanolin M., Zhang J., Zhang L., Zhao C., Zotov N., Zucker M.E., Zweizig J., (the Ligo Scientific Collaboration The Virgo Collaboration), Begin S., Corongiu A., D'Amico N., Freire P.C.C., Hessels J.W.T., Hobbs G.B., Kramer M., Lyne A.G., Manchester R.N., Marshall F.E., Middleditch J., Possenti A., Ransom S.M., Stairs I.H., Stappers B. <Astrophys. J., 713, 671-685 (2010)> =2010ApJ...713..671A (SIMBAD/NED BibCode)
ADC_Keywords: Pulsars ; Radio sources Keywords: gravitational waves - pulsars: general Abstract: We present a search for gravitational waves from 116 known millisecond and young pulsars using data from the fifth science run of the LIGO detectors. For this search, ephemerides overlapping the run period were obtained for all pulsars using radio and X-ray observations. We demonstrate an updated search method that allows for small uncertainties in the pulsar phase parameters to be included in the search. We report no signal detection from any of the targets and therefore interpret our results as upper limits on the gravitational wave signal strength. The most interesting limits are those for young pulsars. We present updated limits on gravitational radiation from the Crab pulsar, where the measured limit is now a factor of 7 below the spin-down limit. This limits the power radiated via gravitational waves to be less than ∼2% of the available spin-down power. For the X-ray pulsar J0537-6910 we reach the spin-down limit under the assumption that any gravitational wave signal from it stays phase locked to the X-ray pulses over timing glitches, and for pulsars J1913+1011 and J1952+3252 we are only a factor of a few above the spin-down limit. Of the recycled millisecond pulsars, several of the measured upper limits are only about an order of magnitude above their spin-down limits. For these our best (lowest) upper limit on gravitational wave amplitude is 2.3x10-26 for J1603-7202 and our best (lowest) limit on the inferred pulsar ellipticity is 7.0x10-8 for J2124-3358. Description: The radio pulsar parameters used for our searches are based on ongoing radio pulsar monitoring programs, using data from the Jodrell Bank Observatory (JBO), the NRAO 100m Green Bank Telescope (GBT), and the Parkes radio telescope of the Australia Telescope National Facility. We used radio data coincident with the S5 run as these would reliably represent the pulsars' actual phase evolution during our searches. We obtained data for 44 pulsars from JBO (including the Crab pulsar ephemeris), 39 pulsars within the Terzan 5 and M28 globular clusters from GBT, and 47 from Parkes, including pulsars timed as part of the Parkes Pulsar Timing Array (Manchester 2008AIPC..983..584M). For 15 of these pulsars there were observations from more than one site, making a total of 115 radio pulsars in the analysis (see Table 1 for list of the pulsars, including the observatory and time span of the observations). File Summary:
FileName Lrecl Records Explanations
ReadMe 80 . This file table1.dat 83 113 Information on the non-glitching pulsars in our search, including the start and end times of the radio observations used in producing the parameter fits for our search, and upper limit results
See also: VII/189 : Catalog of Pulsars (Taylor+ 1995) J/AZh/88/954 : Geometry of radio pulsar magnetospheres (Malov+, 2011) J/AZh/88/22 : Angles rotation/magnetic moment in pulsars (Malov+, 2011) J/other/PASA/27.64 : Parkes Radio Telescope pulsar timing (Weltevrede+, 2010) J/AZh/87/238 : Pulse profiles of radio pulsars at 102 and 111MHz (Malov+, 2010) J/AZh/84/685 : Scattering of pulsar radio emission (Kuz'min+, 2007) J/MNRAS/372/777 : Parkes Multibeam Pulsar Survey. VI. (Lorimer+, 2006) J/MNRAS/353/1311 : Long-term timing observations of 374 pulsars (Hobbs+, 2004) J/AZh/79/501 : Radio luminosities of normal + millisecond pulsars (Kuz'min, 2002) J/A+AS/147/195 : Pulsar spectra of radio emission (Maron+, 2000) J/A+A/339/123 : PSR J1012+5307 evolutionary tracks (Driebe+ 1998) Byte-by-byte Description of file: table1.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 12 A12 --- PSR Pulsar identification (JHHMM+DDMMA; sometimes J1748+2446aa) 14- 17 A4 --- n_PSR Pulsar pecularities (1) 19- 23 I5 d MJDst Start Modified Julian Date of the observation 24 A1 --- --- [-] 25- 29 I5 d MJDend End Modified Julian Date of the observation 31- 36 F6.2 Hz nu Spin-frequency ν 38- 45 E8.2 Hz/s dnu/dt Spin-down rate 47 A1 --- n_dnu/dt [a] corrected spin-down (1) 49- 51 F3.1 kpc Dist Distance of pulsar 53- 60 E8.3 --- sd Spin-down limit 62- 69 E8.3 --- h095 Joint 95% upper limits on h0 (strain tensor amplitude) 71- 77 E7.3 --- ell Equatorial ellipticity ε=(Ixx-Iyy)/Izz (Izz = pulsar's principal moment of inertia) 79- 83 F5.1 --- h95/hsd Ratio h95%0/hsd0 (hsd0: spin-down limit on strain tensor amplitude)
Note (1): Flag as follows: a = The pulsar's spin-down is corrected for proper motion effects. b = The pulsar is within a binary system. c = The pulsar is within a globular cluster. g = The pulsar was observed by the GBT. j = The pulsar was observed by the JBO. p = The pulsar was observed by the Parkes Observatory.
History: From electronic version of the journal
(End) Emmanuelle Perret [CDS] 13-Apr-2012
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