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J/AJ/151/120 z<1 3CR radio galaxies and quasars star formation (Westhues+, 2016)

Star formation in 3CR radio galaxies and quasars at z<1. Westhues C., Haas M., Barthel P., Wilkes B.J., Willner S.P., Kuraszkiewicz J., Podigachoski P., Leipski C., Meisenheimer K., Siebenmorgen R., Chini R. <Astron. J., 151, 120-120 (2016)> =2016AJ....151..120W (SIMBAD/NED BibCode)
ADC_Keywords: Galaxies, radio ; QSOs ; Active gal. nuclei ; Spectroscopy ; Photometry, infrared ; Energy distributions ; Abundances ; Stars, ages ; Stars, masses Keywords: galaxies: active - infrared: galaxies - radio continuum: galaxies Abstract: Using the Herschel Space Observatory we have observed a representative sample of 87 powerful 3CR sources at redshift z<1. The far-infrared (FIR, 70-500 µm) photometry is combined with mid-infrared (MIR) photometry from the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer and cataloged data to analyze the complete spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of each object from optical to radio wavelength. To disentangle the contributions of different components, the SEDs are fitted with a set of templates to derive the luminosities of host galaxy starlight, dust torus emission powered by active galactic nuclei (AGNs), and cool dust heated by stars. The level of emission from relativistic jets is also estimated to isolate the thermal host galaxy contribution. The new data are in line with the orientation-based unification of high-excitation radio-loud AGN, in that the dust torus becomes optically thin longwards of 30 µm. The low-excitation radio galaxies and the MIR-weak sources represent an MIR- and FIR-faint AGN population that is different from the high-excitation MIR-bright objects; it remains an open question whether they are at a later evolutionary state or an intrinsically different population. The derived luminosities for host starlight and dust heated by star formation are converted to stellar masses and star-formation rates (SFR). The host-normalized SFR of the bulk of the 3CR sources is low when compared to other galaxy populations at the same epoch. Estimates of the dust mass yield a 1-100 times lower dust/stellar mass ratio than for the Milky Way, which indicates that these 3CR hosts have very low levels of interstellar matter and explains the low level of star formation. Less than 10% of the 3CR sources show levels of star formation above those of the main sequence of star-forming galaxies. Description: This work studies a sample of 87 sources from the 3CR catalog (Edge et al. 1959, Cat. VIII/1; Bennett 1962MNRAS.125...75B; Laing et al. 1983, J/MNRAS/204/151; Spinrad et al. 1985, J/PASP/97/932). With the Herschel Space Observatory (Pilbratt et al. 2010A&A...518L...1P) we measured the FIR/submm spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of the 3CR sources in two complementary proposals: one at redshift 1<z<3 (PI: Barthel, Barthel et al. 2012ApJ...757L..26B; Podigachoski et al. 2015, J/A+A/575/A80 and 2015ApJ...806L..11P) and one at medium (0.5<z<1) and low (z<0.5) redshift (PI: Haas). We here present sensitive Herschel Photoconducter Array Camera and Spectrometer (PACS)/Spectral and Photometric Imaging Receiver (SPIRE) 70-500 µm photometry of the representative 3CR sample at low and medium redshift. We here analyze the full optical to radio SEDs, also combined with Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) 3-22 µm photometry. The purpose is to explore dust emission in the FIR for the most powerful radio-loud AGN, provide constraints on the star-forming activity, and investigate the evolutionary status of their host galaxies. File Summary:
FileName Lrecl Records Explanations
ReadMe 80 . This file table1.dat 77 40 3CR Sources 0.5<z<1 Observed with Herschel table2.dat 77 51 3CR Sources z<0.5 Observed with Herschel table4.dat 58 39 3CR Sources 0.5<z<1 PACS and SPIRE Flux Densities table5.dat 58 48 3CR Sources z<0.5 PACS and SPIRE Flux Densities table6.dat 76 40 Median Spectral Templates for Different Galaxy Types Separated for Low- (z<0.5) and Medium-redshift (0.5<z<1) table10.dat 106 39 Host Fit Parameters for the 3Cs at 0.5<z<1.0 table11.dat 109 48 Host Fit Parameters for the 3Cs at z<0.5 table12.dat 78 39 AGN Fit Parameters for the 3Cs at 0.5<z<1.0 table13.dat 84 48 AGN Fit Parameters for the 3Cs at z<0.5 table14.dat 92 39 FIR Fit Parameters for the 3Cs at 0.5<z<1.0 table15.dat 94 48 FIR Fit Parameters for the 3Cs at z<0.5 table16.dat 67 39 Monochromatic Luminosities for the 3Cs at 0.5<z<1.0 table17.dat 67 48 Monochromatic Luminosities for the 3Cs at z<0.5
See also: VIII/1 : The 3C and 3CR Catalogues (Edge+ 1959-1962) J/MNRAS/204/151 : Bright radio sources at 178 MHz (3CRR) (Laing+ 1983) J/PASP/97/932 : 3CR Source Identifications (Spinrad+, 1985) J/A+A/575/A80 : FIR photometry of 3CR galaxies (Podigachoski+, 2015) Byte-by-byte Description of file: table1.dat table2.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 2 A2 --- --- [3C] 3- 7 F5.1 --- 3C [006.1/459] 3CR source name (3CNNN.N) 9- 10 I2 h RAh Hour of Right Ascension (J2000) 12- 13 I2 min RAm Minute of Right Ascension (J2000) 15- 18 F4.1 s RAs Second of Right Ascension (J2000) 20 A1 --- DE- Sign of the Declination (J2000) 21- 22 I2 deg DEd Degree of Declination (J2000) 24- 25 I2 arcmin DEm Arcminute of Declination (J2000) 27- 28 I2 arcsec DEs Arcsecond of Declination (J2000) 29 A1 --- n_DEs [c] Note on DEs (1) 31- 36 F6.4 --- z [0.0169/0.996] Redshift 38- 41 I4 Mpc DL [66/6426] Luminosity distance 43- 46 A4 --- Type Type of galaxy (2) 48- 50 A3 --- n_Type [b,c d] Note(s) on Type (1) 52 I1 --- PID [1/6] Proposal identifier (3) 54- 66 A13 --- PObsID Herschel/PACS ObsID 68- 77 I10 --- SPObsID [1342229105/1342268340]? Herschel/SPIRE ObsID
Note (1): Note as follows: b = Compact steep-spectrum (CSS) source; c = Coordinates/classifiaction revised; d = Fanaroff-Riley class I (FR I) source. Note (2): Type as follows: BLRG = Broad-line radio galaxy; HERG = High-excitation radio galaxy; LENS = Gravitational lens; LERG = Low-excitation radio galaxy; QSR = Quasar. Note (3): Proposal ID as follows: 1 = OT1mhaas2; 2 = OT1jstevens1; 3 = OT1pogle011; 4 = OT1rmushotz1; 5 = OT1lho1; 6 = OT1dfarrah1.
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table4.dat table5.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 2 A2 --- --- [3C] 3- 7 F5.1 --- 3C [006.1/459] 3CR source name (3CNNN.N) 9- 10 I2 --- Fig [1/15] Figure number in the paper 12 A1 --- l_F70 [<] Limit flag on F70 13- 15 I3 mJy F70 [6/783]? Herschel/PACS 70 µm flux density 17 I1 mJy e_F70 [2/8]? 1σ uncertainty in F70 19 A1 --- l_F100 [<] Limit flag on F100 20- 22 I3 mJy F100 [6/867]? Herschel/PACS 100 µm flux density 24 I1 mJy e_F100 [1/6]? 1σ uncertainty in F100 26 A1 --- l_F160 [<] Limit flag on F160 27- 30 I4 mJy F160 [13/1347]? Herschel/PACS 160 µm flux density 32- 33 I2 mJy e_F160 [3/24]? 1σ uncertainty in F160 35 A1 --- l_F250 [<] Limit flag on F250 36- 38 I3 mJy F250 [22/955]? Herschel/SPIRE 250 µm flux density 40- 41 I2 mJy e_F250 [8/27]? 1σ uncertainty in F250 43 A1 --- l_F350 [<] Limit flag on F350 44- 46 I3 mJy F350 [20/741]? Herschel/SPIRE 350 µm flux density 48- 49 I2 mJy e_F350 [8/26]? 1σ uncertainty in F350 51 A1 --- l_F500 [<] Limit flag on F500 52- 55 I4 mJy F500 [23/1062]? Herschel/SPIRE 500 µm flux density 57- 58 I2 mJy e_F500 [7/31]? 1σ uncertainty in F500
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table6.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 4 F4.1 [um] log(lrest) [-0.4/6.6] Log of rest wavelength λRest 6- 9 F4.1 [Lsun] log(nuLnu)Hl [8.7/11.1] Log of rest frame luminosity νLν for high-excitation radio low-z galaxy type 11- 13 F3.1 [Lsun] e_log(nuLnu)Hl [0.1/1] Uncertainty in log(nuLnu)Hl 15- 18 F4.1 [Lsun] log(nuLnu)Hm [10/11.5] Log of rest frame luminosity νLν for high-excitation radio medium-z galaxy type 20- 22 F3.1 [Lsun] e_log(nuLnu)Hm [0.1/0.7] Uncertainty in log(nuLnu)Hm 24- 27 F4.1 [Lsun] log(nuLnu)L [8.7/11.2]? Log of rest frame luminosity νLν for low-excitation radio galaxy type 29- 31 F3.1 [Lsun] e_log(nuLnu)L [0.1/1.3]? Uncertainty in log(nuLnu)L 33- 36 F4.1 [Lsun] log(nuLnu)B [9.1/11.5]? Log of rest frame luminosity νLν for broad-line radio galaxy type 38- 40 F3.1 [Lsun] e_log(nuLnu)B [0.1/0.9]? Uncertainty in log(nuLnu)B 42- 45 F4.1 [Lsun] log(nuLnu)Fl [8.4/11]? Log of rest frame luminosity νLν for flat-spectrum low-z quasar type 47- 49 F3.1 [Lsun] e_log(nuLnu)Fl [0.3/0.8]? Uncertainty in log(nuLnu)Fl 51- 54 F4.1 [Lsun] log(nuLnu)Fm [10.2/12.1]? Log of rest frame luminosity νLν for flat-spectrum medium-z quasar type 56- 58 F3.1 [Lsun] e_log(nuLnu)Fm [0.2/0.3]? Uncertainty in log(nuLnu)Fm 60- 63 F4.1 [Lsun] log(nuLnu)Sl [10.2/12.2]? Log of rest frame luminosity νLν for steep-spectrum low-z quasar type 65- 67 F3.1 [Lsun] e_log(nuLnu)Sl [0.2/1.6]? Uncertainty in log(nuLnu)Sl 69- 72 F4.1 [Lsun] log(nuLnu)Sm [10.3/12.5] Log of rest frame luminosity νLν for steep-spectrum medium-z quasar type 74- 76 F3.1 [Lsun] e_log(nuLnu)Sm [0.1/0.8]Uncertainty in log(nuLnu)Sm
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table10.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 2 A2 --- --- [3C] 3- 7 F5.1 --- 3C [6.1/455] 3CR source name (3CNNN.N) 9- 14 F6.2 [W/m2] logAHost [-15.72/-14.42] Log of the host galaxy flux 16- 19 F4.2 [W/m2] e_logAHost [0.03/0.23] Lower limit uncertainty in logAHost 21- 24 F4.2 [W/m2] E_logAHost [0.03/0.27] Upper limit uncertainty in logAHost 26- 30 F5.3 --- Z [0.004/0.05] Metallicity 32- 35 F4.1 [yr] upsilon [6.9/10] Timescale υ 37- 39 F3.1 [yr] e_upsilon [0.3/2] Lower limit uncertainty in upsilon 41- 43 F3.1 [yr] E_upsilon [0.3/2.2] Upper limit uncertainty in upsilon 45- 49 F5.2 [yr] logAge [9.1/10] Log of the age of the stellar population 51- 54 F4.2 [yr] e_logAge [0.04/0.3] Lower limit uncertainty in logAge 56- 59 F4.2 [yr] E_logAge [0.03/0.3] Upper limit uncertainty in logAge 61- 64 F4.1 [10+11Msun] logM* [0.3/19] Log of stellar mass 66- 69 F4.1 [10+11Msun] e_logM* [0.1/7.2] Lower limit uncertainty in logM* 71- 74 F4.1 [10+11Msun] E_logM* [0.1/19] Upper limit uncertainty in logM* 76- 79 F4.1 [10+11Lsun] logLHost [0.9/28] Log of luminosity of the host galaxy 81- 83 F3.1 [10+11Lsun] e_logLHost [0.2/8.5] Lower limit uncertainty in logLHost 85- 87 F3.1 [10+11Lsun] E_logLHost [0.2/8.4] Upper limit uncertainty in logLHost 89- 93 F5.1 [10+7Msun] logMBH [3.8/428.7] Log of black hole mass 95- 99 F5.1 [10+7Msun] e_logMBH [1.9/256.5] Lower limit uncertainty in logMBH 101-106 F6.1 [10+7Msun] E_logMBH [2.6/1030.6] Upper limit uncertainty in logMBH
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table11.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 2 A2 --- --- [3C] 3- 7 F5.1 --- 3C [20/459] 3CR source name (3CNNN.N) 9- 14 F6.2 [W/m2] logAHost [-15.14/-12.21] Log of the host galaxy flux 16- 19 F4.2 [W/m2] e_logAHost [0.01/0.24] Lower limit uncertainty in logAHost 21- 24 F4.2 [W/m2] E_logAHost [0.01/0.17] Upper limit uncertainty in logAHost 26- 30 F5.3 --- Z [0.004/0.05] Metallicity 32- 35 F4.1 [yr] upsilon [6.6/11] Timescale υ 37- 39 F3.1 [yr] e_upsilon [0.1/1.6] Lower limit uncertainty in upsilon 41- 43 F3.1 [yr] E_upsilon [0.2/2.1] Upper limit uncertainty in upsilon 45- 49 F5.2 [yr] logAge [9.1/10] Log of the age of the stellar population 51- 54 F4.2 [yr] e_logAge [0.02/0.24] Lower limit uncertainty in logAge 56- 59 F4.2 [yr] E_logAge [0.01/0.3] Upper limit uncertainty in logAge 61- 65 F5.1 [10+10Msun] logM* [0.4/210] Log of stellar mass 67- 70 F4.1 [10+10Msun] e_logM* [0.2/65] Lower limit uncertainty in logM* 72- 75 F4.1 [10+10Msun] E_logM* [0.1/70] Upper limit uncertainty in logM* 77- 81 F5.1 [10+10Lsun] logLHost [0.5/170] Log of luminosity of the host galaxy 83- 86 F4.1 [10+10Lsun] e_logLHost [0.1/44] Lower limit uncertainty in logLHost 88- 91 F4.1 [10+10Lsun] E_logLHost [0.1/59] Upper limit uncertainty in logLHost 93- 97 F5.1 [10+7Msun] logMBH [0.4/479.6] Log of black hole mass 99-103 F5.1 [10+7Msun] e_logMBH [0.2/265.3] Lower limit uncertainty in logMBH 105-109 F5.1 [10+7Msun] E_logMBH [0.2/538.2] Upper limit uncertainty in logMBH
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table12.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 2 A2 --- --- [3C] 3- 7 F5.1 --- 3C [6.1/455] 3CR source name (3CNNN.N) 9- 14 F6.2 [W/m2] logAagn [-15.6/-14.11] Log of the AGN-heated warm dust flux 16- 19 F4.2 [W/m2] e_logAagn [0.02/0.22] Lower limit uncertainty in logAagn 21- 24 F4.2 [W/m2] E_logAagn [0.01/0.12] Upper limit uncertainty in logAagn 26- 27 I2 deg Inc [0/75] Inclination angle to the observer 29- 32 F4.1 --- NCloud [2.5/10] Number of clouds along the equatorial line of sight 34- 38 F5.2 --- a [-2/0] Index of the power law for radial dust-cloud distribution 40- 41 I2 deg theta [5/60] Half opening angle θ 43- 44 I2 --- tau [30/80] Optical depth τ 46- 49 F4.1 [10+11Lsun] logLAGN [0.9/56] Log of AGN luminosity 51- 53 F3.1 [10+11Lsun] e_logLAGN [0.1/7.7] Lower limit uncertainty in logLAGN 55- 57 F3.1 [10+11Lsun] E_logLAGN [0.1/8.7] Upper limit uncertainty in logLAGN 59- 64 F6.4 --- LAGN/LEdd [0.0044/0.508] Ratio of AGN luminosity in the MIR and Eddington luminosity (G1) 66- 71 F6.4 --- e_LAGN/LEdd [0.0021/0.2891] Lower limit uncertainty in LAGN/LEdd 73- 78 F6.4 --- E_LAGN/LEdd [0.0045/0.7034] Upper limit uncertainty in LAGN/LEdd
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table13.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 2 A2 --- --- [3C] 3- 7 F5.1 --- 3C [20/459] 3CR source name (3CNNN.N) 9- 14 F6.2 [W/m2] logAagn [-16.23/-12.89] Log of the AGN-heated warm dust flux 16- 19 F4.2 [W/m2] e_logAagn [0.01/0.27] Lower limit uncertainty in logAagn 21- 24 F4.2 [W/m2] E_logAagn [0.01/0.23] Upper limit uncertainty in logAagn 26- 27 I2 deg Inc [0/75] Inclination angle to the observer 29- 32 F4.1 --- NCloud [2.5/10] Number of clouds along the equatorial line of sight 34- 38 F5.2 --- a [-2/0] Index of the power law for radial dust-cloud distribution 40- 41 I2 deg theta [5/60] Half opening angle θ 43- 44 I2 --- tau [30/80] Optical depth τ 46- 51 F6.1 [10+9Lsun] logLAGN [0.1/3900] Log of AGN luminosity 53- 57 F5.1 [10+9Lsun] e_logLAGN [0.1/890] Lower limit uncertainty in logLAGN 59- 63 F5.1 [10+9Lsun] E_logLAGN [0.1/580] Upper limit uncertainty in logLAGN 65- 70 F6.4 --- LAGN/LEdd [0.0001/0.6886] Ratio of AGN luminosity in the MIR and Eddington luminosity (G1) 72- 77 F6.4 --- e_LAGN/LEdd [0.0001/0.3371] Lower limit uncertainty in LAGN/LEdd 79- 84 F6.4 --- E_LAGN/LEdd [0.0001/1.184] Upper limit uncertainty in LAGN/LEdd
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table14.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 2 A2 --- --- [3C] 3- 7 F5.1 --- 3C [6.1/455] 3CR source name (3CNNN.N) 9- 14 F6.2 [W/m2] logAFIR [-15.59/-14.21] Log of the SF-heated cool dust flux 16- 19 F4.2 [W/m2] e_logAFIR [0.03/0.23] Lower limit uncertainty in logAFIR 21- 24 F4.2 [W/m2] E_logAFIR [0.02/0.15] Upper limit uncertainty in logAFIR 26- 29 F4.1 K logTFIR [20/47] Log of FIR dust temperature 31- 33 F3.1 K e_logTFIR [0.2/3.1] Lower limit uncertainty in logTFIR 35- 37 F3.1 K E_logTFIR [0.2/3.1] Upper limit uncertainty in logTFIR 39- 43 F5.1 [Msun/yr] logSFR [16.8/555.8] Log of star formation rate 45- 48 F4.1 [Msun/yr] e_logSFR [1.4/83.4] Lower limit uncertainty in logSFR 50- 53 F4.1 [Msun/yr] E_logSFR [1.6/69.5] Upper limit uncertainty in logSFR 55- 58 F4.1 [10+11Lsun] logLFIR [1/32] Log of the luminosity of cool FIR emitting dust 60- 62 F3.1 [10+11Lsun] e_logLFIR [0.1/4.8] Lower limit uncertainty in logLFIR 64- 66 F3.1 [10+11Lsun] E_logLFIR [0.1/4] Upper limit uncertainty in logLFIR 68- 73 F6.2 [10+7Msun] logMDust [1.85/264.41] Log of dust mass 75- 80 F6.2 [10+7Msun] e_logMDust [0.13/125.32] Lower limit uncertainty in logMDust 82- 86 F5.2 [10+7Msun] E_logMDust [0.09/57.8] Upper limit uncertainty in logMDust 88- 92 F5.3 [%] log(MDust/M*) [0.017/8.814] Dust-to-stellar mass ratio
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table15.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 2 A2 --- --- [3C] 3- 7 F5.1 --- 3C [20/459] 3CR source name (3CNNN.N) 9- 14 F6.2 [W/m2] logAFIR [-15.7/-13.39] Log of the SF-heated cool dust flux 16- 19 F4.2 [W/m2] e_logAFIR [0.03/0.31] Lower limit uncertainty in logAFIR 21- 24 F4.2 [W/m2] E_logAFIR [0.02/0.2] Upper limit uncertainty in logAFIR 26- 29 F4.1 K logTFIR [21/66] Log of FIR dust temperature 31- 33 F3.1 K e_logTFIR [0.2/2.5] Lower limit uncertainty in logTFIR 35- 37 F3.1 K E_logTFIR [0.2/2.5] Upper limit uncertainty in logTFIR 39- 43 F5.1 [Msun/yr] logSFR [0.1/573.2] Log of star formation rate 45- 48 F4.1 [Msun/yr] e_logSFR [0/55.6] Lower limit uncertainty in logSFR 50- 53 F4.1 [Msun/yr] E_logSFR [0/52.1] Upper limit uncertainty in logSFR 55- 60 F6.1 [10+9Lsun] logLFIR [0.3/3300] Log of the luminosity of cool FIR emitting dust 62- 66 F5.1 [10+9Lsun] e_logLFIR [0.1/320] Lower limit uncertainty in logLFIR 68- 72 F5.1 [10+9Lsun] E_logLFIR [0.2/300] Upper limit uncertainty in logLFIR 74- 78 F5.2 [10+7Msun] logMDust [0.02/27.37] Log of dust mass 80- 83 F4.2 [10+7Msun] e_logMDust [0/6.37] Lower limit uncertainty in logMDust 85- 88 F4.2 [10+7Msun] E_logMDust [0/4.26] Upper limit uncertainty in logMDust 90- 94 F5.3 [%] log(MDust/M*) [0.004/5.474] Dust-to-stellar mass ratio
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table16.dat table17.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 2 A2 --- --- [3C] 3- 7 F5.1 --- 3C [6.1/459] 3CR source name (3CNNN.N) 9- 13 F5.2 [Lsun] log(nuLnu)30GHz [7.21/11.6] Log of rest frame 30 GHz monochromatic luminosity νLν30GHz 15- 19 F5.3 [Lsun] e_log(nuLnu)30GHz [0.005/0.08] Uncertainty in log(nuLnu)30GHz 21- 25 F5.2 [Lsun] log(nuLnu)178MHz [6.58/10.97] Log of rest frame 178 MHz monochromatic luminosity νLν178MHz 27- 31 F5.3 [Lsun] e_log(nuLnu)178MHz [0.001/0.065] Uncertainty in log(nuLnu)178MHz 33- 37 F5.2 [Lsun] log(nuLnu)30um [7.98/12.34] Log of rest frame 30 µm monochromatic luminosity νLν30µm 39- 43 F5.3 [Lsun] e_log(nuLnu)30um [0.002/0.239] Uncertainty in log(nuLnu)30um 45- 49 F5.2 [Lsun] log(nuLnu)60um [8.19/12.45] Log of rest frame 60 µm monochromatic luminosity νLν60µm 51- 55 F5.3 [Lsun] e_log(nuLnu)60um [0.001/0.137] Uncertainty in log(nuLnu)60um 57- 61 F5.2 [Lsun] log(nuLnu)100um [8.44/12.31] Log of rest frame 100 µm monochromatic luminosity νLν100µm 63- 67 F5.3 [Lsun] e_log(nuLnu)100um [0.001/0.283] Uncertainty in log(nuLnu)100um
Global notes: Note (G1): LEdd∼3.2x104(MBH/M)L.
History: From electronic version of the journal
(End) Tiphaine Pouvreau [CDS] 26-Mar-2018
The document above follows the rules of the Standard Description for Astronomical Catalogues.From this documentation it is possible to generate f77 program to load files into arrays or line by line

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