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J/AJ/115/1801       VRI photometry of M87 globular clusters (Harris+ 1998)

M87, globular clusters, and galactic winds: issues in giant galaxy formation. Harris W.E., Harris G.L.H., McLaughlin D.E. <Astron. J. 115, 1801 (1998)> =1998AJ....115.1801H (SIMBAD/NED BibCode)
ADC_Keywords: Clusters, globular ; Photometry, UBVRI Keywords: galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: star clusters Abstract: We have used the high-resolution camera at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope to obtain VRI photometry of the globular clusters in the innermost 140 of the M87 halo. The results are used to discuss several issues concerning the formation and evolution of globular cluster systems in supergiant elliptical galaxies like M87. Our principal results are as follows: (1) From our deep R-band photometry of the cluster population, we find no significant change in the globular cluster luminosity function (GCLF) with galactocentric radius, for cluster masses M≥105M. This result places constraints on current theoretical predictions of the rate of cluster evolution by tidal shocking and evaporation, indicating that the main effects of dynamical evolution may be felt only on lower mass clusters (≲105M) that are below the faint limit of most current observations. (2) Combining our V-I color indices with other data in the literature, we derive the metallicity gradient and mean metallicity of the clusters from r=9" out to r∼500" (∼0.7-35kpc). Within the core radius rc=1' of the globular cluster system, the metallicity distribution is uniform, but at larger radii the mean metallicity declines steadily as Z/Z∼r-0.9. (3) The various options for explaining the existence of high specific frequency galaxies like M87 are evaluated. (4) We offer a new explanation for the large observed SN range among the brightest cluster elliptical galaxies (BCGs). It is suggested that these central supergiant E galaxies formed in an exceptionally turbulent or high-density environment which favored a very rapid initial star formation burst. From a total sample of 30 BCGs, we derive empirical scaling relations that relate to this hypothesis. Our analysis favors the view that BCGs began forming at redshifts z≳5, distinctly earlier than most other galaxies. Objects: ---------------------------------------------------------- RA (2000) DE Designation(s) ---------------------------------------------------------- 12 30 49.4 +12 23 28 M 87 = NGC 4486 ---------------------------------------------------------- File Summary:
FileName Lrecl Records Explanations
ReadMe 80 . This file table2.dat 32 80 Photometry of brightest clusters
See also: J/ApJS/73/671 : M87 globular clusters BVI photometry (Couture+, 1990) J/AJ/106/493 : Globular clusters in M87 (Lee+, 1993) Byte-by-byte Description of file: table2.dat
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 5 F5.2 mag Rmag R magnitude 7- 12 F6.2 arcsec Xpos X position (1) 14- 20 F7.2 arcsec Ypos Y position (1) 22- 25 F4.2 mag V-R ? V-R colour index 27- 30 F4.2 mag R-I ? R-I colour index
Note (1): Fiducial directions are marked on the borders of Fig.2, with the galaxy center at (0,0).
History: From AJ electronic version
(End) James Marcout, Patricia Bauer [CDS] 12-Aug-1998
The document above follows the rules of the Standard Description for Astronomical Catalogues.From this documentation it is possible to generate f77 program to load files into arrays or line by line

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