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J/AJ/106/773     Mass-luminosity relation                         (Henry+, 1993)

The mass-luminosity relation for stars of mass 1.0 to 0.08 solar masses Henry T.J., McCarthy D.W. Jr. <Astron. J. 106, 773 (1993)> =1993AJ....106..773H (SIMBAD/NED Reference)
ADC_Keywords: Stars, double and multiple ; Photometry, infrared; Positional data Abstract: Mass-luminosity relations determined at infrared wavelengths are presented for stars with masses 1.0 to 0.08 solar masses. Using infrared speckle imaging techniques on a sample of nearby binaries, we have been able to concentrate on the lower main sequence (Mass≤0.5Msun), for which an accurate mass-luminosity calibration has remained problematic. In addition, the mass-visual luminosity relation for stars with 2.0≥Mass≥0.08Msun is produced by implementing new photometric relations linking V to JHK wavelengths for the nearby stars, supplemented with eclipsing binary information. These relations predict that objects with masses ∼0.08 solar masses have M(K)~=10 and M(V)~=18. File Summary:
FileName Lrecl Records Explanations
ReadMe 80 . This file table1 126 19 Basic information and orbital parameters for nearby binaries table1.tex 116 213 TeX version of table1 table2 147 108 Photometric and infrared speckle photometry table2.tex 109 314 TeX version of table2 table5 62 37 Derived quantities: absolute magnitudes and masses table5.tex 101 133 TeX version of table5
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table1
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 6 A6 --- Gliese Gliese number, from The Catalog of Nearby Stars (Gliese and Jahreiss 1991) 8 A1 --- n_Gliese [by ] Note on the star (1) 10- 21 A12 --- Name Other name 24- 25 I2 h RAh Right ascension 1950.0 27- 28 I2 min RAm Right ascension 1950.0 30- 31 I2 s RAs Right ascension 1950.0 33 A1 --- DE- Declination sign 34- 35 I2 deg DEd Declination 1950.0 37- 38 I2 arcmin DEm Declination 1950.0 40- 41 I2 arcsec DEs Declination 1950.0 43- 47 F5.4 arcsec plx Parallax 49- 53 F5.4 arcsec e_plx rms uncertainty on parallax 54 A1 --- n_plx [ac ] Note on plx (2) 56- 62 F7.3 yr P Orbital period 64- 69 F6.3 yr e_P rms uncertainty on orbital period 70 A1 --- u_P [* ] Asterisk, '*' if the error in the period was estimated by the authors 72- 77 F6.3 arcsec a Orbital semimajor axis 79- 83 F5.3 arcsec e_a rms uncertainty on orbital semimajor axis 84 A1 --- u_a [* ] Asterisk, '*' if the error in the semimajor axis was estimated by the authors 87- 91 F5.3 --- B Fractional mass of the secondary 93- 97 F5.3 --- e_B rms uncertainty on B 98 A1 --- n_B [* ] Asterisk, '*' if the error in the fractional mass was estimated by the authors 100-102 A3 --- q_P Orbit quality, numbers from the Fourth Catalog of Orbits of Visual Binary Stars (Worley and Heintz) (3) 105-126 A22 --- Ref References (4)
Note (1): b: see Mariotti et al. (1990) for mass solution from spectroscopic and speckle data, note that the parallax listed (from Gliese and Jahreiss 1991) will not yield the masses given in Table 5; y: semimajor axis and fractional mass determined via speckle data and photometric relations Note (2): a: parallax from Demarque et al. (1986) c: parallax from Harrington (1990) Note (3): Numbers in parentheses are estimates based on their system, "ast" indicates an astrometric binary resolved using infrared speckle techniques, "sp" indicates and orbit derived using infrared speckle and spectroscopic data Note (4): References B 55 = Baize 1955, J. Observateurs, 38, 42 E 67 = Eggen 1967, ARA&A, 5, 105 DGV 86 = Demarque et al. 1986, ApJ, 300, 773 GHW 88 = Geyer et al. 1988, AJ, 95, 1841 Ha 90 = Harrington 1990, AJ, 100, 559 Hr 73,82 = Hershey 1973, AJ, 78, 935; 1982, AJ, 87, 145 Hz 69,72,74,76,79,82,86b,87 = Heintz 1969, AJ, 74, 768; 1972, AJ, 77, 160; 1974, AJ, 79, 819; 1976, ApJ, 208, 474; 1979, AJ, 84, 1223; 1982, Observatory, 102, 42; 1986b, A&AS, 65, 411; 1987, PASP, 99, 1084 HzB 84 = Heintz and Borgman 1984, AJ, 89, 1068 HMFC 92 = Henry et al. 1992, AJ, 103, 1369 JHM 93 = Johnson et al. 1993, in preparation KW 78 = Kamper and Wesselink 1978, AJ, 83, 1653 L 82 = Lippincott 1982,, AJ, 87, 1237 LB 78 = Lippincott and Borgman 1978, PASP, 90, 226 LBM 83 = Lippincott et al. 1983, PASP, 95, 271 MHFSLC 88 = McCarthy et al. 1988, ApJ, 33, 943 MH 87 = McCarthy and Henry 1987, ApJ, 319, L93 MHMC 91 = McCarthy et al. 1991, AJ, 101, 214 MM 89 = Marcy and Moore 1989, ApJ, 341, 961 MPDD 90 = Mariotti et al. 1990, A&A, 230, 77 P 77 = Probst 1977, AJ, 82, 656 S 63 = Strand 1963, in Basic Astronomical Data, edited by Harris, Strand and Worley (U. of Chicago Press, Chicago), p.282 V 37 = van den Bos 1937, Union Obs. Circ., 4, 342 V 38 = van den Bos 1938, Union Obs. Circ., 4 448 WH 74 = Worth and Heintz 1974, ApJ, 193, 647 * = this work
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table2
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 6 A6 --- Gliese Gliese number, from The Catalog of Nearby Stars (Gliese and Jahreiss 1991) 8 A1 --- lam Wavelength of observation (J, H, K, V) 9 A1 --- m_lam Component observed (A or B) 10 A1 --- n_Phot Note on photometry (1) 11- 15 F5.2 mag Phot []? Photometry at the wavelength of observation 16- 20 F5.2 mag e_Phot []? rms uncertainty on photometry standard 22- 25 A4 --- r_Phot Reference for the photometry (2) 28- 34 A7 --- Tech Technique used for observation (3) 35 A1 --- n_Tech Note on the technique used (4) 37- 44 A8 "DD/MM/YY" Date UT date 47- 51 F5.3 arcsec Sepa []? Separation of binary components 53- 57 F5.3 arcsec e_Sepa []? rms uncertainty on separation 60- 62 I3 deg PA []? Position angle of secondary relative to primary 64- 65 I2 deg e_PA []? rms uncertainty on position angle 66- 67 A2 --- n_PA [aNSEW ] Note when no value of position angle (5) 69- 72 F4.2 mag Dm []? Magnitude difference 74- 77 F4.2 mag e_Dm []? rms uncertainty on magnitude difference 79-147 A69 --- Note Individual notes
Note (1): r: r for "relations" refers to the fact that in table5, the MV values given have been derived using photometric relations reported section 3.1.1 of the printed paper Note (2): ESWS = Engels et al. 1981, A&AS, 45, 5 GJ = Gliese and Jahreiss 1991, Preliminary Version of the Third Catalog of Nearby Stars HMFC = Henry et al. 1992, A&A, 254, 116 JMM = Johnson et al. 1968, ApJ, 152, 465 L = Leggett 1992, ApJS, 82, 351 MHMC = McCarthy et al. 1991, AJ, 101, 214 P = Probst 1981 Table A.7, Ph.D. thesis, University of Virginia SH = Stauffer and Hartmann 1986, ApJS, 61, 531 * = this work Note (3): 1D is one-dimensional infrared speckle imaging, 2D is two-dimensional infrared speckle imaging, NS is north-south scan direction, EW is east-west scan direction, NESW is northeast-southwest scan direction, 1X is an eight-arcsecond field, 2X is a four-arcsecond field Note (4): 'a' for mass determinations, combined 1D observations yield 0.39 arcsec at 44 deg 'b' for mass determinations, combined 1D observations yield 0.90 arcsec to the east 'c' for mass determinations, combined 1D observations yield 1.00 arcsec to the east Note (5): a = adopt, N = north, S = sud, E = east, and W = west
Byte-by-byte Description of file: table5
Bytes Format Units Label Explanations
1- 5 A5 --- Gliese Gliese number, from The Catalog of Nearby Stars (Gliese and Jahreiss 1991)_ 8- 12 F5.3 solMass M Mass of the object 14- 18 F5.3 solMass e_M Standard error in mass 20- 24 F5.2 mag Vmag []? Absolute V magnitude for the object 26- 29 F4.2 mag e_Vmag []? Absolute V magnitude standard error 31- 35 F5.2 mag Jmag []? Absolute J magnitude for the object 37- 40 F4.2 mag e_Jmag []? Absolute J magnitude standard error 42- 46 F5.2 mag Hmag []? Absolute H magnitude for the object 48- 51 F4.2 mag e_Hmag []? Absolute H magnitude standard error 53- 57 F5.2 mag Kmag Absolute K magnitude for the object 59- 62 F4.2 mag e_Kmag Absolute K magnitude standard error
References: Demarque P., Guenther D.B. & van Altena W.F. 1986, ApJ, 300, 773 Gliese W. & Jahreiss H. 1991, Preliminary Version of the Third Catalog of Nearby Stars Harrington R.S. 1990, AJ, 100, 559 Worley C.E. & Heintz W.D. 1983 Fourth Catalog of Orbits of Visual Binary Stars, Pub. of the USNO, Vol. 24, part 7 Origin: AAS CD-ROM series, Volume 1, 1993
(End) Patricia Bauer [CDS] 25-Jul-1994
The document above follows the rules of the Standard Description for Astronomical Catalogues.From this documentation it is possible to generate f77 program to load files into arrays or line by line

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